Fairfax County General District Court: Civil and Small Claims Division
The General District Court decides civil suits involving amounts of money up to $25,000. However, unlawful detainer (eviction) suits that include a request for rent for commercial or agricultural property can be heard by the general district court even if the amount of rent requested is more than $25,000. A suit is begun by filing a civil warrant or complaint with the clerk of the court and paying a filing fee.
Small claims cases are civil cases in which the plaintiff is seeking a money judgment up to $5,000 or recovery of personal property valued up to $5,000. If a case is filed as a small claims case, the judge conducts the trial in an informal manner so as to do substantial justice between the parties. The judge has the discretion to admit all evidence which may be of probative value although not in accordance with formal rules of practice, procedure, pleading or evidence, except that privileged communications shall not be admissible. The object of such trials shall be to determine the rights of the litigants on the merits and to dispense expeditious justice between the parties.
Publications and Resources
Civil-defendant brochure May 2013
Civil-plaintiff brochure May 2013
Garnishment Information for Federal Employees
Procedures for Defendants
Procedures for Plantiffs
Small Claims Procedures-English
Small Claims Procedures-Spanish
Writ of Possession
You've Won a Judgment
- You've Lost a Judgment
4110 Chain Bridge Road, Room 211
Fairfax, Virginia 22030