Trash Collection and Disposal Industry


This portion of the website is intended for companies that collect and/or dispose of solid waste. If you are a resident looking for information about private or county solid waste collection services, see the Residential Recycling and Trash section.

The county oversees certain aspects of the collection and disposal activities for: collectors with a Certificate to Operate, recycling companies, commercial cash companies, tire disposal companies and other permitted disposal companies. Learn more about their specific activities, permitting requirements, billing methods, etc., by viewing our online chart of business categories.

Policies and Regulations

Permitted solid waste collection and disposal companies must comply with many regulations. These include: Chapter 109.1 of the Code of the County of Fairfax, VA rules and regulations for the I-66 Transfer Station Complex, the I-95 Landfill Complex and the Energy/Resource Recovery Facility, as well as specific program requirements. See our online chart for program rules according to business type. Failure to comply with any solid waste regulation may result in fines and suspension of permits or certificates to operate. To learn about specific violations and related fines, call 703-324-5230, TTY 711.

Solid Waste Advisories

The county uses solid waste advisories to communicate with the local waste industry and its customers. These advisories are formal notices of policies, clarifications of policies or rules, events, or other information that collection and disposal companies need to perform their work.

Chapter 109.1 of the County Code

This section of the county code establishes standards and procedures concerning solid waste management activities in Fairfax County. Topics addressed in Chapter 109.1 include: general requirements, recycling, precollection and storage, permits, enforcement and the collection, transportation and disposal of solid waste.

Recycling Collection Requirements

Collectors are required to offer a recycling system for their residential, multifamily and nonresidential customers. Details about material types, collection frequency, reporting requirements, etc. can be found in the recycling collection area of our website. Cardboard and mixed paper recycling is mandatory for all businesses and institutions. See Chapter 109.1 as well as the Fairfax County Recycling Program Requirements.

Disposal Facilities

Fairfax County operates two solid waste disposal facilities: the I-66 and I-95 complexes. The Energy/Resource Recovery Facility, a key element of the I-95 Landfill Complex, is operated in partnership with Covanta Fairfax, Inc. Hours and fees as well as rules and regulations for the I-66 Transfer Station Complex, the I-95 Landfill Complex and the Energy/Resource Recovery Facility are available online.

Companies that hold a Certificate to Operate or disposal permit to dispose of waste at county facilities (see Collection and Disposal Business Categories) may wish to enter into a Waste Delivery/Disposal Agreement with Fairfax County. Through these contracts, businesses agree to dispose of all combustible solid waste at either the I-66 Transfer Station or I-95 Landfill Complex in exchange for a reduced disposal rate. Businesses further agree to abide by Chapter 109.1 as well as facility rules and regulations.

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