Human Services Fact Sheet

Poverty in Fairfax County

Poverty for a family of four in Fairfax County in 2009 is defined by the federal government as a family annual income of less than $22,050. The poverty rate in Fairfax County is 5.2% of the population (51,491 people). 

In Fairfax County:

  • 6.7% of all children (under age 18) live in poverty;
  • 8.4%  of children under age 5 live in poverty;
  • 4.9% of all persons over the age of 65 live in poverty;
  • 3.5% of families live in poverty;
  • 11.8% of African Americans live in poverty;
  • 10.0% of Hispanics live in poverty;
  • 16.5% of families with a female head of household—no father present and children under eight—live in poverty;
  • 12.4%of county residents have incomes under 200% of poverty ($44,100 year for a family of four).


  • The unemployment rate is 5.2% (June 2009, up from 2.9% in June 2008).


  • In 2006, the average monthly rent of a one-bedroom apartment was $1,093, an increase of 56% since 1996.


  • An estimated 137,723 county residents under 65 were without health insurance in 2005.

Linguistic Isolation

  • 7.9 % of county households are linguistically isolated (meaning no one over the age of five speaks English “very well”).

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