Emergency heating and lighting
Emergency Heating and Lighting Due to Power Outage
Don't go to sleep with any unvented burning device in your home.
Kerosene heaters can present a serious fire and safety hazard. Kerosene heaters should be used only in safe, well-ventilated areas. They should never be used in tightly closed rooms, garages or workshops where adequate ventilation is questionable or where there might be flammable liquids or combustible dust.
Reduce your exposure to toxic indoor air pollutants by properly operating and maintaining your portable kerosene heater. Although portable kerosene heaters are very efficient in burning fuel to produce heat, low levels of certain pollutants like carbon monoxide are produce. Opening a door to an adjacent room may not provide enough ventilation in an airtight house with very low air exchange rates. This could result in dangerous levels of carbon monoxide and other toxic by-products of combustion.
What is carbon monoxide?
Carbon monoxide is a colorless, odorless and poisonous gas that can build up in your blood cells as you breathe. It may reach toxic levels in minutes or over several hours. Early symptoms of poisoning include dizziness, headache and/or nausea.
People who are sleeping are likely to be more susceptible to carbon monoxide poisoning since they will not recognize the symptoms. Just getting out in the open air doesn't eliminate carbon monoxide from you body. It takes 10 to 24 hours, so suffocation may even occur after you have left areas with high levels of carbon monoxide.
Have extra blankets, coats, hats, and gloves to keep warm. Do not plan to use gas-fueled appliances, like an oven, as an alternative heating source. The same goes for wood-burning or liquid-fuel heating devices that are not designed to be used in a residential structure. Camp stoves and heaters should be only be used out of doors in a well-ventilated area. If you do purchase an alternative heating device, make sure it is approved for use indoors and is listed with the Underwriters Laboratories (UL).
Relocate to Shelter
Be prepared to relocate to a shelter for warmth and protection during a prolonged power outage or if for any other reason local officials request or require that you leave your home. Listen to a battery operated radio or television for information about where shelters will be available.
If you use a portable generator, connect what you want to power directly to the generator; do not connect the generator your home's electrical system. Also, keep the generator in a well-ventilated area outside or in a garage, keeping the door open. Keep camping stoves and charcoal fumes outdoors.
· Flashlights are excellent for most type of emergencies. If you use a flashlight, you may wish to use krypton or halogen light bulbs because they last longer and are brighter than regular bulbs.
· Candles lighting ability can be increased by placing aluminum foil reflector behind them or by placing them in front of a mirror. Never leave a candle burning unattended in any room.
· Kerosene lamps will burn for 45 hours on a quart of fuel. Be sure to
trim wicks in an arch, a "v", and "A" or straight across
the top. Failure to properly trim and maintain wicks will result in smoke
and poor light. Aladdin type lamps that use a circular wick and mantle do
not need trimming and produce much more light and heat than conventional