Timeline of Fairfax County History


1700s | 1800s | 1900s | 2000s

Date

Event

Monday, April 21, 1800
First meeting of the Fairfax County Court in the 3rd Courthouse.
Sunday, February 14, 1802
Potowmack Canal around Great Falls opens
Monday, January 14, 1805
Town of Providence (later Fairfax) Established by Act of the Virginia General Assembly
Saturday, October 11, 1806
First stretch of the Little River Turnpike opened
Wednesday, August 24, 1814
British Troops invade and burn Washington, D. C. President and Mrs. James Madison flee into Fairfax County by separate routes, finally reuniting at “Salona”, in present day McLean.
Sunday, April 27, 1817
Pohick Church Post Office Established
Wednesday, January 08, 1823
Dranesville Post Office Established
Monday, February 27, 1832
Chantilly Post Office Established
Tuesday, December 19, 1837
Hachalia Bailey buys property that will eventually become Baileys Crossroads
Wednesday, December 27, 1837
Annandale Post Office Established
Tuesday, February 07, 1843
Town of Alexandria becomes a City by Act of the Virginia General Assembly
Thursday, October 01, 1846
William Garges conveys lot on Columbia Pike to the (Annandale) Methodist Church
Monday, October 26, 1846
Langley Post Office Established
Thursday, May 03, 1849
Accotink Post Office Established
Tuesday, April 22, 1851
Peach Grove Post Office Established at what will later be Tysons Corner
Monday, March 08, 1852
Burke’s Station Post Office Established
Wednesday, April 07, 1852
Fairfax Station Post Office Established
Thursday, September 14, 1854
Silas Burke, after whom Burke, Va. is named, dies
Monday, June 08, 1857
Ayr Hill Post Office established
Tuesday, July 13, 1858
Herndon Post Office Established
Sunday, September 19, 1858
St. Mary's Catholic Church, Fairfax Station, Va. Dedicated. First Catholic church in Fairfax County.
Tuesday, July 10, 1860
Hunter’s Mill Post Office Established
Thursday, May 23, 1861
Fairfax County votes to secede from the Union
Friday, May 24, 1861
Troops of the United States Army occupy Alexandria, Va.
Monday, May 27, 1861
Pvt. Peyton Anderson, C.S.A. is wounded and captured while on picket duty near present day Fairfax Circle. First Confederate soldier wounded in action
Saturday, June 01, 1861
Skirmish at Fairfax C. H. Capt. John Quincy Marr is first Confederate officer killed in battle.
Tuesday, July 02, 1861
First Battle of Manassas (Bull Run)
Tuesday, October 01, 1861
C. S. A. President Jefferson Davis meets with Gens. Johnston, Beauregard, and Smith at Fairfax C. H.
Wednesday, November 20, 1861
Pres. Abraham Lincoln reviews 75,000 Troops at Bailey’s Crossroads. Spectator Julia Ward Howe is inspired to pen “The Battle Hymn of the Republic”
Monday, December 02, 1861
Confederate Cavalry attacks Union troops stationed at Annandale, killing 1 and capturing 14
Tuesday, August 26, 1862
Confederate forces under the command of Gen. Stonewall Jackson capture Manassas, Va., burning large quantities of supplies
Friday, August 29, 1862
Second Battle of Manassas (Bull Run)
Sunday, August 31, 1862
Clara Barton arrives at Fairfax Station to care for wounded from 2nd Battle of Manassas
Monday, September 01, 1862
Battle of Chantilly. Union Generals Philip Kearny and Isaac Stevens are killed.
Monday, March 09, 1863
Lt. John S. Mosby, C. S. A., with 29 of his men, enters Fairfax C. H. and captures Union Gen. Edwin Stoughton
Tuesday, March 17, 1863
Antonia Ford and several others arrested for allegedly spying for Mosby, and taken to the Old Capital Prison, Washington, D. C.
Thursday, July 20, 1863
West Ford, formerly owned by John Augustine Washington, freed by the will of Hannah Bushrod Washington when he became 21 in either 1804 or 1805, lived and worked as a carpenter and overseer for the Washington Family at Mount Vernon from 1802 until his death. He acquired 214 acres of land in what is now the Gum Springs community and left it to his heirs.
Tuesday, August 11, 1863
Confederate cavalry under the command of Capt. John S. Mosby capture a Union wagon train at Annandale, Va.
Saturday, March 18, 1865
Freedman’s Relief Association formed to assist ex-slaves in the south
Sunday, April 09, 1865
Gen. Robert E. Lee, C.S.A., surrenders his forces at Appomattox, Va.
Monday, April 10, 1865
Cavalry skirmish at Arundell’s Tavern near Burke’s Station. Last major Civil War action in Fairfax County
Monday, December 31, 1866
2 1/3 ac. Parcel on Main Street, Fairfax, Va. is deeded to the Ladies Memorial Association for a cemetery for Confederate dead (Fairfax Cemetery)
Thursday, June 30, 1870
Lincolnia Post Office Established
Monday, July 25, 1870
First Meeting of the Fairfax County Board of Supervisors
Sunday, September 18, 1870
Thomas Moore named first Superintendent of Fairfax County Public Schools
Saturday, March 13, 1875
Fairfax Cemetery conveyed to the Fairfax Cemetery Association
Tuesday, March 30, 1875
Town of Falls Church Incorporated
Saturday, December 11, 1875
Lorton Post Office Established
Tuesday, February 12, 1878
Bull Run Post Office Established
Monday, March 11, 1878
Great Falls Post Office Established
Saturday, August 10, 1878
Gunston Post Office Established
Wednesday, January 24, 1883
Oakton Post Office Established
Wednesday, September 19, 1883
Vale Post Office Established
Friday, July 02, 1886
The Fairfax Herald announces the formation of the Independent Order of Good Templars in Annandale (Men, women, black, & white were all accepted)
Sunday, March 11, 1888
Blizzard of 1888. @12" of wet snow downs Telegraph and Electrical Lines. High winds and very low temperatures literally blow the Potomac River from its channel
Tuesday, February 26, 1889
Frying Pan Post Office Established (renamed Floris in 1892)
Tuesday, February 25, 1890
Town of Vienna Incorporated
Thursday, May 22, 1890
Merrifield Post Office Established
Wednesday, October 01, 1890
Confederate Monument dedicated at Fairfax Cemetery
Tuesday, February 16, 1892
Town of Fairfax Incorporated
Monday, November 13, 1893
Gen. Charles H. Tompkins, U. S. Army, awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor for action at Fairfax C. H., June 1, 1861. He “twice charged through the enemy’s lines and, taking a carbine from an enlisted man, shot the enemy’s captain (Capt. John Q. Marr)
Wednesday, February 09, 1898
Town of Wiehle Incorporated by Act of the Virginia General Assembly
Friday, May 13, 1898
Camp Russell A. Alger open at Falls Church, Va. Training center for troops during the Spanish American War
Sunday, February 05, 1899
“Snow King” Blizzard of 1899. Between Feb. 5 and Feb. 14 some 35" of snow accompanied by high winds create drifts 10" high

1700s | 1800s | 1900s | 2000s


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