Population Control Options

What deer population control options are available for Fairfax County residents?

Firearms Use On Private Property

There are strict firearms restrictions in Fairfax County. A private property owner must have 20 acres or larger property in Appendix J area of Fairfax County to legally discharge a firearm. The private property owner must obtain a firearm discharge permit from the Fairfax County Police Department.

A valid hunt permit, kill permit (year-round) or Damage Control Assistance Program (DCAP) permit must be obtained from the Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries . Below are general local firearm ordinances for hunting on private property in Fairfax County:

  • No rifles larger than .22 for hunting.
  • No hunting with firearms of game species from within 100 yards of a road.
  • All rifles, pistols, or shotguns loaded with slugs prohibited for any hunting.
  • It is unlawful to feed deer September 1st through January 1st each year during the hunting season in Virginia.

Archery Use On Private Property

Urban archery has been shown to be a safe and effective deer management tool to control deer populations on public and private lands in urban and suburban environments such as Fairfax County. Unlike firearms, there has never been a human fatality or injury reported as a result of bowhunting in Virginia.

Fairfax County has an early archery season granted by the Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries. Qualified bowhunters may legally hunt on private property from the first Saturday in September through the last Saturday in March. General information and restrictions for Fairfax County is provided on the DGIF website :

  • Hunters must abide by all VA state laws, hunting regulations, and local ordinances. Hunters are required to have a valid big game license, archery license, and crossbow license (if applicable).
  • Property owner must provide written or verbal consent to grant permission for a bowhunter to hunt deer on property.
  • It is prohibited to discharge an arrow in a manner reasonably expected to result in the impact of the arrow upon the property of another without permission from the property owner or tenant. The ground must be used as a backstop (e.g. hunting from a tree stand).
  • There is no minimum parcel size (acreage) required for a landowner to permit a bowhunter to hunt deer on the property. The property owner should consider notifying adjacent neighbors, as a courtesy, before hunting due to the proximity of residences and small parcel sizes.
  • Hunters are obligated to make every reasonable attempt to retrieve a wounded deer. Hunters must obtain permission from other landowners to track or retrieve deer from a neighboring property.
  • Hunters are not permitted to charge for their services. Hunters must provide own equipment.

There are many archery groups, clubs, and associations in Fairfax County. It is the responsibility of the property owner to ensure only the most qualified bowhunter(s) is permitted on their property. Bowhunters with superior skill, ethics, and experience can efficiently and discreetly hunt deer in areas where firearm use is restricted or prohibited.

Each year, bowhunters elect to qualify as an archery group to participate in the Fairfax County Archery Program. You may visit the Archery Program webpage for more information on the qualification criteria and rules to participate in the Archery Program. Archery groups must also provide proof of hunt group insurance ($1,000,000 general liability).

Fairfax County does not endorse the use or services of any individual bowhunter, archery organization, or Archery
Group that has qualified to participate in the Fairfax County Archery Program:


Archery Group Name   Year Qualified Group Contact Contact Details
Suburban Whitetail Management of Northern VA, Inc. 2009 SWMNV Web: www.deerdamage.org                   
Ph: 703-454-9131
Belvoir Hunt Group 2009 BHG Email: BelvoirHuntGroup@gmail.com
ABA Hunt Group 2010 Robb Boutelle       
L. Dan Parham   
Eric Eifler
Email: SafeBowHunter@gmail.com  
Arrow-1 Archery Group 2010 David Smith Email: dms2511@comcast.net
Cub Run Hunt Group 2010 Robert D’Imperio Ph: 703-830-8315
Email: robbyrayd@yahoo.com
Northern Virginia Archers (NORVA) 2010 William Sepeck Phone: 571-237-1441 
Email: bsepeck@msn.com
DIA Rod and Gun Club Archery Group 2010 David Eoff Email: diargarchery@yahoo.com
Deer Management Specialty Services (DMSS) 2010 Douglas Fisher Ph: 703-786-2776         
Email: fisherddmc@aol.com


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Technical Questions: Web Administrator

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