Summer Safety Tips

Fairfax County Office of Public Affairs
12000 Government Center Parkway, Suite 551
Fairfax, VA 22035-0065
Contact: Merni Fitzgerald, Director of Public Affairs
703-324-3187, TTY 711, Fax 703-324-2010
Media Pager: 703-324-NEWS (6397)

June 21, 2007


 Summer Safety Tips

With the 2007 summer season beginning today, Fairfax County has information and resources available for residents on many topics to ensure a safe and fun summertime.

Heat Safety
Heat takes the greatest toll on the very young and the very old, especially children younger than 5 and those older than 65. Intense summer temperatures also greatly affect people who are already sick or take certain medications, including diuretics, antihistamines, beta-blockers, and tranquilizers. To keep cool, follow this general advice:

  • Drink plenty of fluids.
  • Avoid caffeinated or alcoholic beverages because they dehydrate the body.
  • Stay indoors as much as possible. Spend time in an air-conditioned place if possible; resting for just two hours in air conditioning can significantly reduce heat-related illnesses.
  • Slow down. Avoid strenuous physical activities or reschedule them for the coolest part of the day, usually the early morning.
  • Eat light meals.
  • Don’t take salt tablets unless directed by a doctor.
  • Wear light-colored clothing, which helps reflect sunlight.
  • Wear sunscreen to prevent sunburn. Sunburn makes it more difficult for your body to cool off.
  • Never leave children or pets unattended in a car — not even for a few minutes. Even with the windows slightly open, the temperature in a car on a 93-degree day can soar to 125 degrees in just 20 minutes and approximately 140 degrees in 40 minutes.

Pool Safety
Swimming is a great way to beat the heat. Never leave children alone or out of eye contact while they are in or near the water. An adult should be within arm’s length whenever an infant or toddler is in the pool. Remove toys from the area when you’re not using them since toys can attract young children to the pool. If you own a pool, require that all adults in your family learn CPR. Also, have a phone and emergency equipment (such as life preservers and shepherd’s crook) poolside in case of emergency.

For more information, contact Fairfax County Fire and Rescue Public Information and Life Safety Education, 703-246-3801, TTY 703-385-4419, or visit

Sun Safety and Children

The American Academy of Pediatrics reports babies younger than 6 months need extra protection from the sun. Their sensitive skin is thinner than adult skin, which causes them to sunburn more easily. Even babies with naturally darker skin need protection. Since young children are more vulnerable to the sun, here are some specific rules for children younger than 1 year:

  • Babies younger than 6 months should be kept out of the direct sunlight. Keep them in the shade and under a tree, umbrella or the stroller canopy.
  • Dress babies in clothing that covers the body, such as comfortable lightweight long pants, long-sleeved shirts and hats with brims that shade the face and cover the ears.
  • If your baby gets a sunburn and is younger than 1 year, contact your pediatrician ? a severe sunburn is an emergency.
  • For babies younger than 6 months, the risks or benefits of sunscreen use are not yet known. If your baby needs to be outdoors, discuss sunscreen and other options with your pediatrician.
  • For babies older than 6 months, choose a sunscreen made for children.

For children older than 1 year, follow these simple rules to protect your family from sunburns now and from skin cancer later in life:

  • Choose sunscreen that is made for children, preferably waterproof. Before covering children completely, test the sunscreen on their back for a reaction. Apply carefully around the eyes, avoiding the eyelids. If a rash develops, talk to a pediatrician.
  • If a child gets a sunburn that results in blistering, pain or fever, contact the pediatrician.

Parks Offer Relief From the Heat
Make a dash for the cool splash at a Fairfax County Park Authority pool. The parks offer indoor pools at nine RECenters, plus the Water Mine at Lake Fairfax Park, an outdoor Western-theme pool with slides, bubblers, Rattlesnake River and more attractions for the young and the young at heart.

Parks offer a host of other cool choices for summer fun. Fish from the shaded banks of Burke Lake, take a morning hayride through the woods and fields of Frying Pan Farm Park, chill out with a skating session at Mount Vernon RECenter’s ice arena, catch the breeze on a boat ride (canoe, pedal boat or rowboat) at Lake Accotink, try kayaking at Riverbend Park or enjoy a naturalist-led walk through the forest from a nature center.

Also, RECenters and nature centers offer a host of classes and programs presented in air-conditioned comfort. To discover what’s going on at a park near you and find the closest pool/RECenter, visit or check “Parktakes.” (If you don’t yet have your free subscription, the magazine also is available at parks, county libraries and government centers, or online at

For other cool summer activities, see the Fairfax County Department of Family Services’ “Guide to Summer Fun and Safety.” Full of safety tips and fun activities, the guide is available online at

Boat Safety
Water safety includes boating and other recreational activities on ponds, lakes and streams. Children should wear Coast Guard-approved life jackets at all times when on boats or near bodies of water. Make sure the life jacket is the right size for your child and is not loose. Inflatable water toys or rafts should never be used as life jackets or life preservers. Adults also should wear life jackets for their own protection and to set a good example for children. Outfit the family pet with a life preserver as well, since most dogs are not by nature excellent swimmers. Always watch the weather before and during a boating outing. Return to port as soon as you hear or see a storm.

For more information, contact Fairfax County Fire and Rescue Public Information and Life Safety Education, 703-246-3801, TTY 703-385-4419, or visit

Picnics and Food Safety
Warm weather also means the picnic season has arrived. To be safe, the Health Department reminds picnickers that raw meat, poultry and seafood need to stay in a cooler with ice until cooked thoroughly. Keep all perishable foods, especially those made with raw eggs, mayonnaise, deli meats or seafood, in the cooler as much as possible. When transporting food, keep it cold by using an insulated cooler with sufficient ice or ice packs to keep the food at 41 degrees or below. Pack food right from the refrigerator into the cooler immediately before leaving home, and keep the cooler in the coolest part of your car. Also, keep your cooler out of direct sun and in the shade or under a shelter. Avoid opening the lid too often, which lets cold air out and warm air in. Pack beverages in one cooler and perishables in a separate cooler.

For more information on food safety, contact the Fairfax County Health Department’s Food Safety Section, 703-246-2444, TTY 703-591-6435, or visit

Grilling Safety
When grilling on an apartment or condo balcony, remember that Fairfax County only permits cooking devices that use either electricity or natural gas as a fuel source and are listed by a recognized testing authority. When barbecuing, keep the grill in a level position at all times. If using charcoal, douse the coals thoroughly with water after grilling, and always ensure coals are placed in a metal container and placed away from combustibles. Never leave children or pets unattended near a hot grill. With charcoal grills, only use starter fluids designed for that purpose. With gas grills, check hoses for cracking, brittleness, holes and leaks. Make sure there are no sharp bends in the hose or tubing. Always store the gas cylinder outside and away from the house. Never use gasoline and never add more liquid fuel after the fire has started.

For more information on grill safety, contact Fairfax County Fire and Rescue Public Information and Life Safety Education, 703-246-3801, TTY 703-385-4419, or visit

For more on food handling and grilling, contact the Fairfax County Health Department, 703-246-2411, TTY 703-591-6435, or visit

Child Supervision Guidelines
When school is not in session, it sometimes may be necessary to leave children unattended for short periods of time, although children 7 or younger should never be left unattended. Lack of supervision is one of the most prevalent child neglect problems in Fairfax County. The following guidelines represent minimally accepted standards for the supervision of children and have been developed by social work professionals in collaboration with the community. There may be situations, even within these guidelines, when it is not safe to leave a child unsupervised. Parents ultimately are responsible for making decisions about their child’s safety.

Whenever any child is unsupervised or unattended the following should apply:

  • There must be no emotional, medical or behavioral problems that affect judgment or decision-making skills.
  • The child must be comfortable being alone.
  • The child must have a safety plan worked out with the parent/caretaker and must demonstrate the ability to follow the safety plan.

Age Guidelines

  • 7 years and under: Should not be left alone for any period of time.
  • 8 to 10 years: Should not be left alone for more than 90 minutes and only during daylight and early evening hours.
  • 11 to 12 years: May be left alone for no more than three hours but not late at night or in circumstances requiring inappropriate responsibility.
  • 13 to 15 years: May be left unsupervised, but not overnight.
  • 16 to 17 years: May be unsupervised for up to two consecutive overnight periods.

For more information visit or call the Department of Family Services’ Child Protective Services Hotline at 703-324-7400, TTY 703-222-9452. For other safety tips for children, see the “Guide to Summer Fun and Safety,” available online from the Fairfax County Department of Family Services at

Pet Safety
“Leave your pets at home.” That is the advice Fairfax County Animal Services officers give pet owners at this time of year. Take the dog to the veterinarian’s office or to the dog park, but do not take it on errands, even when you are “just going to be a minute.” Days that seem mild to humans are too hot for a pet to be locked in a car. Leaving a window down an inch or two is not enough to provide a safe environment for your pet. Fifteen minutes in a hot car is enough for animal body temperatures to go from normal to deadly. If the temperature is in the 60s or higher, many experts recommend not leaving pets or children in parked cars, even for short periods. If you must keep your pet in the car briefly, choose a shady spot, leave the windows down as far as possible (and keep the pet restrained).

If you see an animal in a parked car that appears to be in distress or could soon be in distress, call the Public Safety Communications Center at 703-691-2131, TTY 711. Note the car make and model, license plate number and the location. If the pet owner might be in a nearby store, you can have the store page the owner over a public address system. Animal control officers, police officers and fire and rescue personnel have the authority to break into a car to rescue an animal in distress. Depending on the health of the animal at the time it is rescued, the owners can be charged with animal cruelty.

The most effective way to eliminate mosquitoes around your home is to tip and toss the standing water where mosquitoes lay their eggs. Common problem areas and ways to correct them are:

  • Roof gutters ? clean out leaves and debris blocking and holding water.
  • Discarded cans and containers ? remove, store inside or turn upside down.
  • Old tires ? store tires where they will not collect rainwater.
  • Bird baths ? clean and change the water every five to seven days.
  • Wading pools ? change water regularly and turn over when not in use.
  • Drainage ditches ? keep open and free from debris that holds water.
  • Canoes and boats ? cover with a tight-fitting tarp or turn upside down.
  • Tarps on woodpiles or garden equipment ? remove sagging areas.
  • Ornamental ponds ? stock with small fish.
  • Puddles and wet or soggy areas ? drain or backfill.
  • Treat standing water on your property with a lavaracide to prevent mosquito breeding.

To avoid mosquito bites, make sure that all window and door screens fit tightly and are
free of holes that mosquitoes can use to enter the house. When outside, wear light-colored clothing with long sleeves and long pants. Use insect repellent indicated for mosquitoes and follow the label instructions.

For more information on how to protect yourself from mosquitoes, call the Fairfax County Health Department at 703-246-2300, TTY 711, or visit

The long summer days bring out other biting critters as well. Enjoy natural wildlife from a distance. Wild animals and strays can carry rabies, a virus that attacks the nervous system and can kill any mammal, including humans. Pet owners also are reminded to keep their pets’ vaccinations current ? it’s the law.

The Health Department cautions that people should avoid contact with unfamiliar pets, stray animals, all wildlife and bats. Because the rabies virus is shed in the saliva of sick animals, health officials caution that any animal bite or scratch should be taken seriously. Anyone bitten or scratched by an animal, wild or domestic, that results in a break in the skin or saliva in an open wound should wash the wound immediately with soap and water, notify Animal Services (a division of the Police Department) and call their family physician for treatment advice. If a bat is found in one’s home, the person should immediately call Animal Services. Likewise, residents should immediately contact Animal Services if their pet is bitten by a wild animal. All bites can be reported to Fairfax County Animal Services at 703-691-2131 (voice/TTY).

Information about rabies can also be obtained from the Health Department by calling 703-246-2300, TTY 703-591-6435 or visiting

Health officials recommend the following steps to prevent families and pets from exposure to rabies:

  • Vaccinate all cats, dogs and ferrets against rabies and keep the vaccination current.
  • Avoid contact with wild animals, stray cats and stray dogs.
  • Do not feed wild animals, stray cats and stray dogs.
  • Report stray animals to Fairfax County Animal Services.
  • Eliminate outdoor food sources around the home.
  • Keep pets confined to your property or walk them on a leash.

For additional information, contact the Fairfax County Police Animal Services Division at 703-691-2131 (voice/TTY), the county’s wildlife biologist at 703-266-3523, TTY 711, or visit

Keeping Cool
Fairfax County residents who need help to keep their homes cool this summer and prevent a health emergency resulting from extreme heat, may be able to get assistance from two programs locally administered by the county’s Department of Family Services.

The Cooling Assistance Program, which is federally funded, helps eligible low-income households with at least one person considered especially vulnerable to heat: a child under age 6, a disabled individual or someone age 60 or older. The Cooling Assistance Program can be used to help with:

  • Payment of electric bills to operate cooling equipment.
  • Payment of security deposits for electricity to operate cooling equipment.
  • Repair of a central air conditioning system or heat pump.
  • Purchase of a whole-house fan, including ceiling or attic fans.
  • Purchase and installation of one window unit air conditioner for households where there is no unit or where the unit must be replaced.

Applications for this year’s Cooling Assistance Program are being accepted through Wednesday, Aug. 15.

For more information or an application form, visit the Virginia Department of Social Services Web site at or call the Fairfax County Department of Family Services at 703-324-7604, TTY 703-222-9452.

Applications can also be picked up at the county’s four Department of Family Services offices:

  • Fairfax – Pennino Building, 2nd floor, 12011 Government Center Parkway
    703-324-7500, TTY 703-222-9452
  • Falls Church – 6245 Leesburg Pike (Route 7)
    703-533-5300, TTY 703-533-5316
  • Reston – Lake Anne Office Building, 11484 Washington Plaza West
    703-787-4900, TTY 703-707-9346
  • Richmond Highway/Alexandria – South County Center, 8350 Richmond Hwy (Route 1)
    703-704-6353, TTY 703-799-3435

The Department of Family Services offers extended office hours for public assistance services at all of the offices listed above, from 7 a.m. to 7 p.m., Mondays through Thursdays, and from 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. on Fridays.

The Fan Care Program is another way to help older area residents stay safe in the summer heat. This electric fan distribution program, sponsored by Dominion Virginia Power in partnership with the Virginia Department for the Aging, annually provides about 200 free fans and/or window air conditioners to eligible older adults in the Fairfax area.

To qualify for Fan Care, a person must be at least 60 years of age and have a combined yearly family income of no more than $15,315 for a household of one; $20,535 for a household of two (call the number below for additional guidelines). Not everyone in the home needs to be an older adult to qualify for a fan, but all incomes must be counted. There is a limit of one fan per household.

The Fan Care Program began on June 1 and runs through the end of September. To request an application and for further information, call Kim Karlinchak, in Fairfax County’s Department of Family Services – Fairfax Area Agency on Aging at 703-324-7694, TTY 703-449-1186.

Contact Fairfax County: Phone, Email or Twitter | Main Address: 12000 Government Center Parkway, Fairfax, VA 22035
Technical Questions: Web Administrator

ADA Accessibility | Website Accessibility
Awards | FOIA | Mobile | Using this Site | Web Disclaimer & Privacy Policy | Get Adobe Reader
Official site of the County of Fairfax, Virginia, © Copyright 2015

Website Feedback Website Feedback    Globe with various flags representing Web site language translations   Language Translations

Return to Graphic Version