Natural History - Bird Species
Ellanor C. Lawrence Park falls within the Piedmont geologic province, which stretches south-westward from New York City to Alabama. Upon arrival in this region nearly 300 years ago, European settlers cleared the forested land and converted it for agricultural use. Within the last 100 years much of this region has been abandoned as farmland, largely due to the decrease in soil quality from intensive farming practices. Where development has not moved in to replace farms, natural succession has led to reforestation.
Ellanor C. Lawrence Park is a prime example of this succession. Once a working farm, ECLP was a gift from David Lawrence in honor of his wife, Ellanor. Now totaling over 650 acres, the park encompasses several different stages of forest succession, offering a variety of different habitats for wildlife. These include open meadows, an eastern red cedar thicket, mixed deciduous-conifer forest, maturing hardwood forest, several stream valleys, and a pond. It is this diversity that provides for the 133 species of birds that have been documented in the park*.
© FAIRFAX COUNTY PARK AUTHORITY
Contact Us: General (Office of Public Affairs) | Technical (Web Administrator) | Directed Inquiries (County Agencies)
Phone: County Main Number - 703-FAIRFAX (703-324-7329), TTY 711 | County Phone Listing