Trash Collection and Disposal Industry
This portion of the website is intended for companies that collect and/or dispose of solid waste. If you are a resident looking for information about private or county solid waste collection services, see the Residential Recycling and Trash section.
The county oversees certain aspects of the collection and disposal activities for: collectors with a Certificate to Operate, recycling companies, commercial cash companies, tire disposal companies and other permitted disposal companies. Learn more about their specific activities, permitting requirements, billing methods, etc., by viewing our online chart of business categories.
- At Your Disposal, Fairfax County SWMP Newsletter
- Forms and Applications for the Trash Collection and Disposal Industry
Policies and Regulations
Permitted solid waste collection and disposal companies must comply with many regulations. These include: Chapter 109.1 of the Code of the County of Fairfax, VA rules and regulations for the I-66 Transfer Station Complex, the I-95 Landfill Complex and the Energy/Resource Recovery Facility, as well as specific program requirements. See our online chart for program rules according to business type. Failure to comply with any solid waste regulation may result in fines and suspension of permits or certificates to operate. To learn about specific violations and related fines, call 703-324-5230, TTY 711.
The county uses solid waste advisories to communicate with the local waste industry and its customers. These advisories are formal notices of policies, clarifications of policies or rules, events, or other information that collection and disposal companies need to perform their work.
- SWA 17-008 Recycling Services and Collection Fees at Commercial Properties
- SWA 17-007 Reduced Collection Frequency Pilot Program
- SWA 17-006 Registering With the Food Waste Composting Pilot Program
- SWA 17-005 Recycling Requirements for Non-Residential and Multi-Family Properties
- SWA 17-004 Penalties for Non-Submittal of Annual Recycling Rate Reports from Companies with Certificates–to-Operate
- SWA 17-003 Guidance on Estimating Minimum Recycling System Capacity
- SWA 17-001 Alternative Yard Waste Recycling Systems for Townhouse Communities
- SWA 10-002 Vehicle Recycling Signage Requirement
- SWA 10-001 Companies with Expired Plates/Decals
- SWA 09-007 Approval of Alternative Yard Waste Recycling Systems for Townhouse Communities - new version pending
- SWA 09-006 Penalties for Nonsubmittal of Annual Recycling Rate Report from Companies with Certificates-to-Operate - new version pending
- SWA 09-005 Missed Collections During Holiday
- SWA 08-004 Clarification for Collectors on the Consequences of Failing to Pay County Disposal Invoices
- SWA 07-002 Approval of Alternative Recycling Systems for Yard Waste Recycling In Townhouse Communities - new version pending
- SWA 06-004 Expanded Recycling Requirements for Nonresidential and Multifamily Properties - new version pending
- SWA 11-001 Free Disposal of Flood-Related Debris
- SWA 09-001 Temporary Suspension of Separate Yard Waste Collection
- SWA 06-003 Solid Waste Disposal Companies End of Year Permit Process
- SWA 06-002 Solid Waste Collection Companies End of Year Permit Process
Chapter 109.1 of the County Code
This section of the county code establishes standards and procedures concerning solid waste management activities in Fairfax County. Topics addressed in Chapter 109.1 include: general requirements, recycling, precollection and storage, permits, enforcement and the collection, transportation and disposal of solid waste.
Recycling Collection Requirements
Collectors are required to offer a recycling system for their residential, multifamily and nonresidential customers. Details about material types, collection frequency, reporting requirements, etc. can be found in the recycling collection area of our website. Cardboard and mixed paper recycling is mandatory for all businesses and institutions. See Chapter 109.1 as well as the Fairfax County Recycling Program Requirements.
Fairfax County operates two solid waste disposal facilities: the I-66 and I-95 complexes. The Energy/Resource Recovery Facility, a key element of the I-95 Landfill Complex, is operated in partnership with Covanta Fairfax, Inc. Hours and fees as well as rules and regulations for the I-66 Transfer Station Complex, the I-95 Landfill Complex and the Energy/Resource Recovery Facility are available online.
Companies that hold a Certificate to Operate or disposal permit to dispose of waste at county facilities (see Collection and Disposal Business Categories) may wish to enter into a Waste Delivery/Disposal Agreement with Fairfax County. Through these contracts, businesses agree to dispose of all combustible solid waste at either the I-66 Transfer Station or I-95 Landfill Complex in exchange for a reduced disposal rate. Businesses further agree to abide by Chapter 109.1 as well as facility rules and regulations.
- Collection Company Meetings
- Commercial Disposal Fees
- Construction & Demolition Debris
- Registered Solid Waste Collection Companies