The 2019 Point-in-Time Count was conducted on January 23, 2019 in coordination with the entire Metro DC region. This annual count, conducted in accordance with U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development guidelines, includes people who are literally homeless – those who are in shelters, in time-limited transitional housing programs, as well as those who are unsheltered and living on the street. Conducting the enumeration requires extensive efforts by a wide range of community partners, involving dozens of staff and volunteers from public and private nonprofit organizations that work with people experiencing homelessness in the Fairfax-Falls Church community. The details of the 2019 Point-in-Time Count, compared to the details of the 2018 Point-in-Time Count, are below.
There were 1,034 people who were literally homeless in the Fairfax-Falls Church Community on the night of the 2019 Point-in-Time Count, January 23, 2019. This represents a 5% overall increase (47 more people) from the 987 people counted during the 2018 Point in Time Count conducted on January 24, 2018.
HOUSEHOLDS WITHOUT CHILDREN
Single adult individuals accounted for 49% of all homeless persons counted, a total of 508 people. Total single individuals increased by 2% (499) increase from 2018. The information below also includes the 1 youth only household.
- 18% (89) of all single individuals were unsheltered, a 3% (86) increase from 2018.
- 30% (152) of all single individuals were in emergency shelter, a 6% (143) increase from 2018.
- 32% (251) of all single individuals were in hypothermia or shelter overflow, a <1% (250) increase from 2018.
- 3% (16) of all single individuals (all were between the ages of 18 and 24) were in transitional housing, a decrease of 20% (20) from 2018.
- 9% (48) of all single individuals were transition age youth households, between the ages of 18 and 24, a decrease of 6% (51) from 2018.
- There was one youth only household, under the age of 18 in the youth shelter; there were two in 2018.
- 32% (164) of all single individuals were over 55 years of age, an increase of 12% (146) from 2018.
- 73% (371) of all single individuals were male, a decrease of 2% (377) from 2018.
- 23% (117) of all single individuals were employed, a decrease of 16% (139) from 2018.
- 40% (202) of all single individuals were chronically homeless, an increase of 18% (171) from 2018.
- 39% (198) of all single individuals suffered from serious mental illness and/or substance abuse, a 10% (221) decrease from 2018.
- 7% (34) of all single individuals were veterans, an increase of 10% (31) from 2018.
HOUSEHOLDS WITH CHILDREN
Persons in families accounted for 51% of all homeless persons counted, consisting of 150 families with 526 people. This includes 197 adults and 329 children under the age of 18. Total persons in families increased by 8% (488) from 2018.
- 67% (101) of the families counted were residing in emergency shelter, an increase of 10% (92) from 2018.
- 33% (49) of the families were in transitional housing programs, a decrease of 17% (59) from 2018.
- There were no unsheltered families in 2018 or 2019.
- 32% (329) of total persons counted were children under the age of 18, an increase of 10% (298) from 2018.
- 83% (163) of adults in families were female, an increase of 1% (161) from 2018.
- 52% (103) of adults in families were employed, an increase of 11% (93) from 2018.
- 39% (58) of the families were homeless due to domestic violence, a decrease of 18% (71) from 2018.
- 13% (20) of the families were considered transition age youth households as all the family members were under the age of 25 years old, a 17% (24) decrease from 2018.
- 5% (8) of the families had a veteran head of household, 2 families had veteran head of households in 2018.
CONTRIBUTING FACTORS – 11 YEAR DECREASE
The total decrease in the homeless population between 2008 and 2019, according to the Point-in-Time Counts, is 44%. This decrease represents 801 less people experiencing homelessness during the 2019 Point-in-Time Count than there were during the 2008 Point-in-Time Count. Factors contributing to this overall decrease include:
- Shifting resources supporting temporary housing options to support more permanent housing options, such as rapid rehousing and permanent supportive housing (see housing inventory count) à
- Implementation of Coordinated Entry, an approach to the coordination and management of the homeless system’s resources that creates consistency, efficiency, and effectively connects people to appropriate housing interventions
- Continued engagement of a diverse and broad representation of stakeholders and partners committed to accomplishing the goal of making homelessness rare, brief, and one time
- Increased focus on system performance measures and data analysis
CONTRIBUTING FACTORS – 2019 INCREASE
The total increase in the homeless population between 2018 and 2019, according to the Point-in-Time Counts, is 5% (47 more people) than the 987 people counted during the 2018 Point in Time Count conducted on January 24, 2018. Factors contributing to this increase include:
- Shortage of affordable housing options, including new permanent supportive housing and rapid rehousing
- A lack of resources to support move-on strategies for those that could exit permanent supportive housing is contributing to a steady increase of chronic homelessness
- Despite increasing the Collaborative Application Score in the past several HUD CoC Competitions, no additional funding was awarded
- Although there was one less household with children counted in 2019 than in 2018, there were larger size families being served, thus there were more persons in families in the 2019 Count