Land Development Services

Fairfax County, Virginia

CONTACT INFORMATION: Office hours: 8 a.m.-4:30 p.m. Counter hours: 8 a.m. – 4 p.m. (M-Th), 9:15 a.m.-4 p.m. (F)

703-324-1780
TTY 711

12055 Government Center Pkwy
Fairfax, VA 22035

Bill Hicks,
Director

Land Use - Parking Rate Table

This table provides a condensed location for the parking rates for the various land uses listed in Fairfax County's Zoning Ordinance. It is a tool, when used in conjunction with the Parking Tabulation Form, allows the user to quickly find the parking rates for a paricular land use and tabulate the total parking requirments for a site.

Notes:

  1. The following information is provided as a reference and is based on the minimum required spaces for various uses as set forth in Part 1 of Article 11 of the Zoning Ordinance. Where the required number of spaces is not specified for a particular use, the most similar general type of use has been utilized for determining the parking rate based on the characteristics of that use. If discrepancies exist between the information below and that which is found in the Zoning Ordinance, the Zoning Ordinance shall be considered correct. If you have additional questions regarding the Parking Tabulation form, please contact the Site Development and Inspections Division of Land Development Services, DPWES, at 703-324-1720, TTY 711.
  2. The minimum number of required spaces may be subject to further interpretation by the Director of DPWES based on a review of each proposal.
  3. Except for Offices, Restaurants and Restaurants with Drive-through that exceed 5,000 square feet of gross floor area, Hotels, and Theaters, uses within a shopping center should utilize the shopping center rate and do not need to park at the individual use rate.

 

Uses Rates Zoning Provision
Accessory service uses Accessory service uses, as permitted by Paragraphs 2 and 3 of Sect. 10-202, which are located within the building of a principal use, and which serve the occupants, their patients, clients or customers, may be parked in accordance with the parking requirement for the principal use; provided, however, that the total gross floor area for all such uses shall not exceed fifteen (15) percent of the total gross floor area of the building; that no signs for the accessory service uses shall be visible from the outside of the building; and that the hours of operation for such uses shall be limited to between 6:00 AM and 6:00 PM, Monday through Friday. Par. 22 of Sect. 11-102
     
Adult book stores and adult mini motion picture theatres Park book store as Retail: One (1) space per 200 square feet of net floor area for the first 1000 square feet, plus six (6) spaces per each additional 1000 square feet                                                                                  

Theatre: Three-tenths (0.3) space per seat or similar vantage accommodation
Retail: Par. 20 of Sect. 11-104   

Theatre: Par. 25 of Sect. 11-104
     
Adult Day Care Center One space per four adults based on the maximum number of adults licensed to attend the center, or other amount as the Board may require as part of an approved rezoning or special exception.  Par. 1 of Sect. 11-106
     
Airports One (1) space per employee, plus (1) space for each vehicle used in connection with the facility, plus sufficient space to accommodate the largest number of vehicles that may be expected at any one time Par. 2 of Sect. 11-106
     
Alternate uses of public facilities  Park the proposed use according to the most similar individual use. For example, if the public facility will be used as an office, use the office rate.  Interpretation
     
Amusement arcades Park as Recreational Facility Other: One (1) space per three (3) persons based on the occupancy load plus one (1) space per employee Par. 18 of Sect. 11-104
     
Any other recreational or social use, operated by a nonprofit organization, where membership thereto is limited to residents of nearby residential areas Park as Private, Civic, Fraternal Club or Lodge:  One (1) space per three (3) members based on maximum anticipated membership Par. 16 of Sect. 11-106
     
Auction establishments Park as Retail: One (1) space per 200 square feet of net floor area for the first 1000 square feet, plus six (6) spaces per each additional 1000 square feet      Par. 20 of Sect. 11-104 
     
Automobile-oriented uses Four (4) spaces per 1000 square feet of gross floor area.  In addition, there shall be a minimum of four (4) stacking spaces for each drop-off/drive-through facility. Interpretation
     
Baseball hitting and archery ranges, outdoor One (1) space per three (3) visitors/customers based on maximum anticipated number of visitors/customers anticipated on site at one time, plus one (1) space per employee on the major shift. Interpretation
     
Bed and breakfasts Two (2) spaces per single family dwelling, provided that only one (1) such space must have convenient access to a street, plus one (1) space per guest room in the bed and breakfast Par. 1 of Sect. 11-103
     
Billiard and pool halls Park as Recreational Facility Other: One (1) space per three (3) persons based on the occupancy load plus one (1) space per employee        Par. 18 of Sect. 11-104
     
Bowling alleys Four (4) spaces per alley, plus one (1) space per employee, plus such additional spaces as may be required herein for affiliated uses such as restaurants Par. 1 of Sect. 11-104
     
Business service and supply service establishments One (1) space per 300 square feet of gross floor area Par. 2 of Sect. 11-104
     
Bus or railroad stations Park as Airport: One (1) space per employee, plus (1) space for each vehicle used in connection with the facility, plus sufficient space to accommodate the largest number of vehicles that may be expected at any one time Par. 2 of Sec. 11-106
     
Bus or railroad terminals, car barns, garages, storage and inspection yards, railroad switching and classification yards, and railroad car and locomotive repair shops, but specifically excluding electrically-powered regional rail transit facilities or regional non-rail transit facilities set forth as a Category 4 special exception use Park as Warehouse: One (1) space per 1.5 employees on major shift, plus one (1) space per company vehicle, plus sufficient space to accommodate the largest number of visitors that may be expected at any one time, but with a minimum of one (1) space per 1000 square feet of gross floor area Par. 5 of Sec. 11-105
     
Camp or recreation grounds One (1) space per three (3) visitors/customers based on maximum anticipated number of visitors/customers anticipated on site at one time, plus one (1) space per employee on the major shift. Interpretation
     
Car washes Four (4) spaces per bay/stall plus one (1) space per employee for a self-service establishment, or one (1) space per employee, plus sufficient area for ten (10) stacking spaces per bay/stall for an automated establishment Par. 3 of Sect. 11-104
     
Carryout Restaurant 6.5 spaces per 1000 square feet of gross floor area Par. 17 of Sect. 11-104
     
Cemetery for human or animal interment As determined by the Director, based on a review of each proposal to include such factors as the number of spaces required to accommodate employees and visitor parking. Interpretation
     
Child care centers and nursery schools A. 0.19 space per child for a center or school which has a maximum daily enrollment of 99 children or less

B. 0.16 space per child for a center or school which has a maximum daily enrollment of 100 or more children
Par. 3 of Sect. 11-106
     
Churches, chapels, temples, synagogues and other such places of worship with or without a child care center, nursery school or private school of general education One (1) space per four (4) seats in the principal place of worship; provided that the number of spaces thus required may be reduced by the Director, subject to conditions the Director deems appropriate, by not more than fifty (50) percent if the place of worship is generally located within 500 feet of any public parking lot or any commercial parking lot where sufficient spaces are available by permission of the owner(s) without charge, during the time of services to make up the additional spaces required.

For places of worship with child care centers, nursery schools and/or schools of general or special education, the Director may, subject to conditions the Director deems appropriate, reduce the total number of parking spaces required by the strict application of this Part for such child care centers, nursery schools and/or schools of general or special education when the Director has determined that fewer spaces than those required will adequately serve all the uses on-site due to their respective hourly parking accumulation characteristics.
Par. 4 of Sect. 11-106
     
Colleges, universities  Based on a review by the Director of each proposal including such factors as the occupancy load of all classroom facilities, auditoriums and stadiums, the availability of mass transportation, and the availability of areas on site that can be used for auxiliary parking in times of peak demand; but in no instance less than one (1) space per faculty and staff member and other full-time employee, plus a sufficient number of spaces to accommodate the anticipated number of students and visitors who will drive to the institution at any one time Par. 5 of Sect. 11-106
     
Columbarium and mausoleum when used in conjunction with a cemetery As determined by the Director, based on a review of each proposal to include such factors as the number of spaces required to accommodate employees and visitor parking. Interpretation
     
Commercial nudity establishments Park as Theater:  Three-tenths (0.3) space per seat or similar vantage accommodation Par. 25 of Sect. 11-104
     
Commercial off-street parking in Metro Station areas as a temporary use  Not applicable. No additional parking required Interpretation
     
Commercial recreation parks, including mechanical or motorized amusement rides/devices One (1) space per three (3) visitors/customers based on maximum anticipated number of visitors/customers anticipated on site at one time, plus one (1) space per employee on the major shift. Interpretation
     
Commercial recreation restaurants One (1) space per four (4) seats plus one (1) space per two (2) employees where seating is at tables,

and/or

One (1) space per two (2) seats plus one (1) space per two (2) employees where seating is at a counter
Par. 7 of Sect. 11-104
     
Commercial swimming pools, tennis courts and similar courts, indoor or outdoor Park swimming pool as Swimming Pool, Commercial:  One (1) space per four (4) persons lawfully permitted in the pool at one time, plus one (1) space per employee                                                                                                                                                  

Park tennis courts and similar courts as Tennis Club: Four (4) spaces per court, plus such additional spaces as may be required herein for affiliated uses such as restaurants
Swimming: Par. 24 of Sect. 11-104

Tennis: Par. 21 of Sect. 11-106 
     
Community clubs, centers and meeting halls. Park as Recreational Facility Other: One (1) space per three (3) persons based on the occupancy load plus one (1) space per employee Par. 18 of Sect. 11-104
     
Community swimming pools and archery ranges Park community swimming pool as Swimming Pool, Community: One (1) space for every seven (7) persons lawfully permitted in the pool at one time, plus one (1) space per employee, subject to a lesser number determined by the Director which is in accordance with that number of members who are within a reasonable walking distance of the pool
 

If located indoors, park archery range as a Recreational Facility Other: One (1) space per three (3) persons based on the occupancy load plus one (1) space per employee

If located outdoors, park archery ranges as: One (1) space per three (3) visitors/customers based on maximum anticipated number of visitors/customers anticipated on site at one time, plus one (1) space per employee on the major shift.
Swimming: Par. 11 of Sect. 11-106



Recreational Facility Other: Par. 18 of Sect. 11-104

Outdoor Archery: Interpretation







 
     
Conference centers and retreat houses, operated by a religious or nonprofit organization  Park at Hotel, Motels Rate:  One (1) space per rental unit, plus four (4) spaces per fifty (50) rental units, plust such space as are required for eating establishments, assembly rooms and affilitated facilities as determined by the Director. Hotel, Motel: Par. 6 of Sect. 11-103
     
Congregate living facilities  One (1) space per three (3) residents, plus one (1) additional space for each employee Par. 10 of Sect. 11-103
     
Continuing care facilities 0.75 spaces per separate unit or bed approved on the development plan.  Par. 2 of Sect. 11-103
     
Contractor's offices and shops Park as Warehouse: One (1) space per 1.5 employees on major shift, plus one (1) space per company vehicle, plus sufficient space to accommodate the largest number of visitors that may be expected at any one time, but with a minimum of one (1) space per 1000 square feet of gross floor area. In addition, if more than 50 percent of the gfa is office, the office portion will be parked seperately at the office rate Par. 5 of Sect. 11-105
     
Convenience Center One (1) space per 500 square feet of net floor area plus one (1) space per employee, but never to exceed a total number of six (6) spaces Par. 4 of Sect. 11-104
     
Convents, monasteries, seminaries and nunneries Park convent, monestary or nunnery as Dormitory: One (1) space per two (2) sleeping accommodations based on the occupancy load of the building, plus one (1) additional space for each housemother, manager or employee 

Park seminary as College: Based on a review by the Director of each proposal including such factors as the occupancy load of all classroom facilities, auditoriums and stadiums, the availability of mass transportation, and the availability of areas on site that can be used for auxiliary parking in times of peak demand; but in no instance less than one (1) space per faculty and staff member and other full-time employee, plus a sufficient number of spaces to accommodate the anticipated number of students and visitors who will drive to the institution at any one time
Dormitory: Par. 3 of Sect. 11-103


College: Par. 5 of Sect. 11-106
`    
Craft Beverage Production Establishment One (1) space per four (4) seats plus one (1) space per two (2) employees where seating is at tables, and/or One (1) space per two (2) seats plus one (1) space per two (2) employees where seating is at a counter Par. 7 of Sect. 11-104
     
Crematory, human or animal Park as Establishment for Production: One (1) space per one (1) employee on major shift, plus one (1) space per company vehicle and piece of mobile equipment Par. 1 of Sect. 11-105
     
Cultural centers, museums and similar facilities One (1) space per 300 square feet of gross floor area Par. 6 of Sect. 11-106
     
Cultural and civic centers and exhibition halls One (1) space per 300 square feet of gross floor area Par. 6 of Sect. 11-106
     
Dance halls Park as Recreational Facility Other: One (1) space per three (3) persons based on the occupancy load plus one (1) space per employee Par. 18 of Sect. 11-104
     
Dormitories, fraternity/sorority houses, rooming/boarding houses, or other residence halls  One (1) space per two (2) sleeping accommodations based on the occupancy load of the building, plus one (1) additional space for each housemother, manager or employee Par. 3 of Sect. 11-103
     
Drive-in financial institutions Four (4) spaces per 1000 square feet of gross floor area for customer service, lobby and teller area, plus additional space as required herein for any associated offices. In addition, there shall be eight (8) stacking spaces in front of the first window and two (2) stacking spaces in front of each additional window; except that five (5) stacking spaces may be permitted in front of each of the first two (2) windows, provided that both windows shall always remain open when the drive-in facility is operational Par. 5 of Sect. 11-104
     
Drive-in motion picture theatres  Not applicable. No additional parking required Interpretation
     
Drive-through pharmacy As required in Par. 20 below, plus five (5) stacking spaces in front of each drive-through window. Par. 20 refers to Retail Sales Establishment and Retail Sales Establishment-Large, except Furniture or Carpet Store: One (1) space per 200 square feet of net floor area for the first 1000 square feet, plus six (6) spaces per each additional 1000 square feet Par. 6 of Sect. 11-104
     
Drug paraphernalia establishments Park as Retail: One (1) space per 200 square feet of net floor area for the first 1000 square feet, plus six (6) spaces per each additional 1000 square feet    Par. 20 of Sect. 11-104 
     
Eating establishments * Only for grandfathered establishments pursuant to ZO-17-469* One (1) space per four (4) seats plus one (1) space per two (2) employees where seating is at tables,

and/or

One (1) space per two (2) seats plus one (1) space per two (2) employees where seating is at a counter 
ZO-17-469
     
Electric substations and distribution centers including transformer stations. Park as Public Utility: One (1) space per 1.5 employees on the major shift, plus one (1) space per company vehicle Par. 17 of Sect. 11-106
     
Electrical generating plants and facilities Park as Public Utility: One (1) space per 1.5 employees on the major shift, plus one (1) space per company vehicle Par. 17 of Sect. 11-106
     
Electrically-powered regional rail transit facilities  Park as Airport: One (1) space per employee, plus (1) space for each vehicle used in connection with the facility, plus sufficient space to accommodate the largest number of vehicles that may be expected at any one time Par. 2 of Sec. 11-106
     
Establishments for printing of any size, production, processing, assembly, manufacturing, compounding, preparation, cleaning, servicing, testing, or repair of materials, goods or products and associated retail sales; however, bulk storage of flammable materials for resale, and those particular heavy industrial uses set forth in Par. 13 of Sect. 9-501 shall not be permitted. One (1) space per one (1) employee on major shift, plus one (1) space per company vehicle and piece of mobile equipment Par. 1 of Sect. 11-105
     
Establishments for production, processing, assembly, manufacturing, compounding, preparation, cleaning, servicing, testing, or repair of materials, goods or products; except food and beverage products, bulk storage of flammable materials for resale, and those particular heavy industrial uses set forth in Par. 13 of Sect. 9-501. One (1) space per one (1) employee on major shift, plus one (1) space per company vehicle and piece of mobile equipment Par. 1 of Sect. 11-105
     
Establishments for scientific research and development to include assembly, integration and testing of experimental prototype products as an incidental use  One (1) space per 1.5 employees based on the occupancy load, plus one (1) space per company vehicle Par. 4 of Sect. 11-105
     
Establishments for scientific research, development and training. One (1) space per 1.5 employees based on the occupancy load, plus one (1) space per company vehicle Par. 4 of Sect. 11-105
     
Exposition halls and facilities to house cultural or civic events or conventions of political, industrial, fraternal or similar associations. Park as Cultural Center: One (1) space per 300 square feet of gross floor area Par. 6 of Sect. 11-106
     
Exposition halls and facilities to house cultural or civic events or conventions of political, industrial, fraternal or similar associations, with a minimum gross floor area of 100,000 square feet. Park as Cultural Center: One (1) space per 300 square feet of gross floor area Par. 6 of Sect. 11-106
     
Fast food restaurants * Only for grandfathered establishments pursuant to ZO-17-469* One (1) space per two (2) seats for table and/or counter seating, whether such seating facilities are inside or outside. For fast food restaurant with no seating facilities, one (1) space per sixty (60) square feet of net floor area with a minimum of ten (10) spaces ZO-17-469
     
Financial institutions.  Four (4) spaces per 1000 square feet of gross floor area for customer service, lobby and teller area; plus additional spaces as required herein for any associated offices Par. 10 of Sect. 11-104
     
Food and beverage manufacturing, production and processing establishments One (1) space per one (1) employee on major shift, plus one (1) space per company vehicle and piece of mobile equipment Interp
     
Funeral homes One (1) space per four (4) seats in the main chapel or parlor, plus one (1) space per two (2) employees, plus one (1) space for each vehicle used in connection with the business Par. 9 of Sect. 11-106
     
Funeral chapels One (1) space per four (4) seats in the main chapel or parlor, plus one (1) space per two (2) employees, plus one (1) space for each vehicle used in connection with the business Par. 9 of Sect. 11-106
     
Furniture or Carpet Store One (1) space per 500 square feet of net floor area, plus one (1) space for each employee Par. 11 of Sect. 11-104
     
Garment cleaning establishments One (1) space per 200 square feet of gross floor area Par. 12 of Sect. 11-104
     
Golf courses, country clubs Golf Course:  One (1) space per three (3) visitors/customers based on maximum anticipated number of visitors/customers anticipated on site at one time, plus one (1) space per employee on the major shift.

Country Club: One (1) space per four (4) members based on maximum anticipated membership
 
Golf Course: Interpretation


County Club: Par. 7 of Sect. 11-106

 
     
Golf driving ranges One (1) space per three (3) visitors/customers based on maximum anticipated number of visitors/customers anticipated on site at one time, plus one (1) space per employee on the major shift. Interpretation
     
Health clubs Park as Recreational Facility Other: One (1) space per three (3) persons based on the occupancy load plus one (1) space per employee Par. 18 of Sect. 11-104
     
Heavy equipment and specialized vehicle sale, rental and service establishments One (1) space per 500 square feet of enclosed sales/rental floor area, plus one (1) space per 2500 square feet of open sales/rental display lot area, plus two (2) spaces per service bay, plus one (1) space per employee, but never less than five (5) spaces Par. 2 of Sect. 11-105
     
Heavy industrial uses Park as Establishment for Production: One (1) space per one (1) employee on major shift, plus one (1) space per company vehicle and piece of mobile equipment Par. 1 of Sect. 11-105
     
Heliports One (1) space per employee, plus one (1) space for each vehicle used in connection with the facility, plus sufficient space to accommodate the largest number of visitors that may be expected at any one time Par. 10 of Sect. 11-106
     
Helistops A minimum of five (5) spaces for commercial helistops and a minimum of two (2) spaces for non-commercial helistops Par. 11 of Sect. 11-106
     
Hotels, motels One (1) space per rental unit, plus four (4) spaces per fifty (50) rental units, plus such spaces as are required for restaurants, assembly rooms and affiliated facilities as determined by the Director Par. 7 of Sect. 11-103
     
Hotels, motels, and conference centers One (1) space per rental unit, plus four (4) spaces per fifty (50) rental units, plus such spaces as are required for eating establishments, assembly rooms and affiliated facilities as determined by the Director. Hotel, Motel: Par. 7 of Sect. 11-103
     
Independent living facilities  One (1) space per four (4) dwelling units, plus one (1) space per one (1) employee or staff member on the major shift, or such greater number as the Board may require Par. 8 of Sect. 11-103
     
Indoor archery ranges, fencing and other similar indoor recreational uses Park as Recreational Facility Other: One (1) space per three (3) persons based on the occupancy load plus one (1) space per employee Par. 18 of Sect. 11-104
     
Indoor firing ranges, archery ranges, fencing and other similar indoor recreational uses Park as Recreational Facility Other: One (1) space per three (3) persons based on the occupancy load plus one (1) space per employee Par. 18 of Sect. 11-104
     
Industrial/flex Park as Warehouse:  One (1) space per 1.5 employees on major shift, plus one (1) space per company vehicle, plus sufficient space to accommodate the largest number of visitors that may be expected at any one time, but with a minimum of one (1) space per 1000 square feet of gross floor area.

Note: Pursuant to the industrial/flex definition, an industrial/flex use can not exceet 35% office. 
Warehouse: Par. 5 of Sect. 11-105
     
Junk yards, to include motor vehicle storage and impoundment yards One (1) space per 1.5 employees on major shift, plus one (1) space per company vehicle, plus sufficient space to accommodate the largest number of visitors that may be expected at any one time, but with a minimum of one (1) space per 1000 square feet of gross floor area Par. 5 of Sect. 11-105
     
Kennels, animal shelters A. 5000 square feet of gross floor area or less: Ten (10) spaces

B. Greater than 5000 square feet of gross floor area: Ten (10) spaces plus additional spaces as determined by the Director, based on a review of each proposal to include such factors as the number of spaces required to accommodate both employees and visitors expected at the site

For the purpose of this requirement, gross floor area shall not include any outdoor exercise/dog run area, which is enclosed by a roof and/or fencing material.
Par. 30 of Sect. 11-104
     
Library Seven (7) spaces per 1000 square feet of gross floor area Par. 14 of Sect. 11-106
     
Local office space and maintenance facilities incidental to any use set forth above (Refers to Category 2 SE Uses) Not applicable. No additional parking required Interpretation
     
Lumber yards and building material yards to include rock, sand and gravel One (1) space per 1.5 employees on major shift, plus one (1) space per company vehicle, plus sufficient space to accommodate the largest number of visitors that may be expected at any one time, but with a minimum of one (1) space per 1000 square feet of gross floor area Par. 5 of Sect. 11-105
     
Lumber yards, fuel yards and building material yards to include rock, sand and gravel One (1) space per 1.5 employees on major shift, plus one (1) space per company vehicle, plus sufficient space to accommodate the largest number of visitors that may be expected at any one time, but with a minimum of one (1) space per 1000 square feet of gross floor area Par. 5 of Sect. 11-105
     
Marinas, docks and boating facilities, commercial As determined by the Director, based on a review of each proposal to include such factors as the number of spaces required to accommodate employees of the greatest shift, visitor parking, maximum number of members and the number of boat slips.   Interpretation
     
Marinas, docks and boating facilities of a private, nonprofit nature As determined by the Director, based on a review of each proposal to include such factors as the number of spaces required to accommodate employees of the greatest shift, visitor parking, maximum number of members and the number of boat slips.   Interpretation
     
Medical care facilities  Park as Hospital: Two and nine-tenths (2.9) spaces per bed licensed by the Commonwealth of Virginia, plus additional or fewer spaces as deemed necessary based on specific analysis for each site Par. 12 of Sect. 11-106
     
Miniature golf courses, indoor Park as Recreational Facility Other: One (1) space per three (3) persons based on the occupancy load plus one (1) space per employee Par. 18 of Sect. 11-104
     
Miniature golf courses, outdoor One (1) space per three (3) visitors/customers based on maximum anticipated number of visitors/customers anticipated on site at one time, plus one (1) space per employee on the major shift. Interpretation
     
Miniature golf courses ancillary to golf driving ranges If indoor, park as Miniature golf courses, indoor: See above

If outdoor, park as Miniature golf courses, outdoor: See above
Interpretation
     
Mini-warehousing establishments Three and two-tenths (3.2) spaces per 1000 square feet of gross floor area of office space associated with the use plus one (1) space per employee, and two (2) spaces for a resident manager. The width of travel aisles for vehicular access and loading and unloading shall be subject to the approval of the Director Par. 3 of Sect. 11-105
     
Mixed waste reclamation facilities One (1) space per one (1) employee on major shift, plus one (1) space per company vehicle Par. 6 of Sect. 11-105
     
Mobile and land based telecommunication facilities, subject to the provisions of Sect. 2-514.  Park as Public Utility: One (1) space per 1.5 employees on the major shift, plus one (1) space per company vehicle Par. 17 of Sect. 11-106
     
Mobile and land based telecommunication facilities. Park as Public Utility: One (1) space per 1.5 employees on the major shift, plus one (1) space per company vehicle Par. 17 of Sect. 11-106
     
Motor freight terminals One (1) space per 1.5 employees on major shift, plus one (1) space per company vehicle, plus sufficient space to accommodate the largest number of visitors that may be expected at any one time, but with a minimum of one (1) space per 1000 square feet of gross floor area Par. 5 of Sect. 11-105
     
Motor vehicle storage and impoundment yards One (1) space per 1.5 employees on major shift, plus one (1) space per company vehicle, plus sufficient space to accommodate the largest number of visitors that may be expected at any one time, but with a minimum of one (1) space per 1000 square feet of gross floor area Par. 5 of Sect. 11-105
     
Natural gas, oil and other petroleum product metering, regulating, compressor, control and distribution stations, and local office space incidental thereto and necessary for the operation of such station, but not including any storage facilities. Park as Public Utility: One (1) space per 1.5 employees on the major shift, plus one (1) space per company vehicle Par. 17 of Sect. 11-106
     
New vehicle storage No minimum parking is required.  However, must demonstrate that the new vehicle storage parking is not part of minimum required parking for another principal use Interpretation
     
Nursery schools and child care centers A. 0.19 space per child for a center or school which has a maximum daily enrollment of 99 children or less

B. 0.16 space per child for a center or school which has a maximum daily enrollment of 100 or more children
Par. 3 of Sect. 11-106
     
Nursing, Convalescent, Assisted Living or Congregate Living Facility One (1) space per three (3) residents, plus one (1) additional space for each employee Par. 10 of Sect. 11-103
     
Office A. 50,000 square feet of gross floor area or less: Three and six-tenths (3.6) spaces per 1000 square feet of gross floor area

B. Greater than 50,000 but less than 125,000 square feet of gross floor area: Three (3.0) spaces per 1000 square feet of gross floor area

C. 125,000 square feet of gross floor area or more: Two and six-tenths (2.6) spaces per 1000 square feet of gross floor area
Par. 14 of Sect. 11-104
     
Open air markets Park as Retail: One (1) space per 200 square feet of net floor area for the first 1000 square feet, plus six (6) spaces per each additional 1000 square feet    Par. 20 of Sect. 11-104 
     
Open refreshment stands If a stand-alone use, park as Retail: One (1) space per 200 square feet of net floor area for the first 1000 square feet, plus six (6) spaces per each additional 1000 square feet

If accessory, not applicable. No additional parking required
 Par. 20 of Sect. 11-104 
     
Outdoor Sales/Display Area other than Vehicle Sale, Rental and Ancillary Service Establishment One (1) space per 500 square feet of open sales/display area plus one (1) space per employee Par. 15 of Sect. 11-104
     
Parking, commercial off-street, as a principal use Not applicable. No additional parking required  
     
Pawnshops Park as Retail: One (1) space per 200 square feet of net floor area for the first 1000 square feet, plus six (6) spaces per each additional 1000 square feet     Par. 20 of Sect. 11-104 
     
Personal service establishments One (1) space per 200 square feet of gross floor area Par. 16 of Sect. 11-104
     
Plant nurseries Park as Retail: One (1) space per 200 square feet of net floor area for the first 1000 square feet, plus six (6) spaces per each additional 1000 square feet Par. 20 of Sect. 11-104
     
Private clubs and public benefit associations  One (1) space per three (3) members based on maximum anticipated membership Par. 16 of Sect. 11-106
     
Private schools of general education School, Elementary or Intermediate, Public or Private School of General Education: Based on a review by the Director of each proposal including such factors as the occupancy load of all classroom facilities, auditoriums and stadiums, proposed special education programs, and student-teacher ratios, and the availability of areas on site that can be used for auxiliary parking in times of peak demand; but in no instance less than one (1) space per faculty and staff member and other full-time employee, plus four (4) spaces for visitors                                      

School, High School, Public or Private School of General Education:
Based on a review by the Director of each proposal including such factors as the occupancy load of all classroom facilities, auditoriums and stadiums, proposed special education programs, and student-teacher ratios, and the availability of areas on site that can be used for auxiliary parking in times of peak demand; but in no instance less than three-tenths (0.3) space per student, based on the maximum number of students attending classes at any one time                                                       

                                       
Elementary or Intermediate: Par. 18 of Sect. 11-106





High School: Par. 19 of Sect. 11-106            





 
     
Private schools of special education School of Special Education: Two (2) spaces per each three (3) employees, plus a sufficient number of spaces to accommodate all persons who may be at the establishment at any one time under normal operating conditions.  The rate applied to "all persons who may be at the establishment at any one time under normal operating conditions" is 1 space per each student aged 16 years or older and 0.3  spaces per each student younger than 16 years old   Special Education: Par. 8 of Sect. 11-106
     
Public uses As determined by the Director, based on a review of each proposal to include such factors as the number of spaces required to accommodate employees, public use vehicles anticipated to be on site at any one time, visitor parking and the availability of areas on site that can be used for auxiliary parking in times of peak demand. In no instance, however, shall the number of spaces required for government office use be less than that required herein for general office use Par. 22 of Sect. 11-106
     
Quasi-public athletic fields and related facilities Park as Public Use: As determined by the Director, based on a review of each proposal to include such factors as the number of spaces required to accommodate employees, public use vehicles anticipated to be on site at any one time, visitor parking and the availability of areas on site that can be used for auxiliary parking in times of peak demand. In no instance, however, shall the number of spaces required for government office use be less than that required herein for general office use Par. 22 of Sect. 11-106
     
Quasi-public parks, playgrounds, athletic fields and related facilities  Park as Public Use: As determined by the Director, based on a review of each proposal to include such factors as the number of spaces required to accommodate employees, public use vehicles anticipated to be on site at any one time, visitor parking and the availability of areas on site that can be used for auxiliary parking in times of peak demand. In no instance, however, shall the number of spaces required for government office use be less than that required herein for general office use Par. 22 of Sect. 11-106
     
Quick-service food stores Six and one half (6.5) spaces per 1000 square feet of gross floor area Par. 17 of Sect. 11-104
     
Radio and television broadcasting tower facilities, microwave facilities and satellite earth stations Park as Public Utility: One (1) space per 1.5 employees on the major shift, plus one (1) space per company vehicle Par. 17 of Sect. 11-106
     
Recycling centers One (1) space per one (1) employee on major shift, plus one (1) space per company vehicle Par. 6 of Sect. 11-105
     
Regional non-rail transit facilities  Park as Airport: One (1) space per employee, plus (1) space for each vehicle used in connection with the facility, plus sufficient space to accommodate the largest number of vehicles that may be expected at any one time Par. 2 of Sec. 11-106
     
Repair service establishments One (1) space per 200 square feet of gross floor area Par. 19 of Sect. 11-104
     
Restaurants  (1)  Ten (10) spaces per 1000 square feet of gross floor area for restaurants with a gross floor area of less than 5000 square feet

(2)  Eleven (11) spaces per 1000 square feet of gross floor area for restaurants with a gross floor area of 5000 square feet or more

Outdoor seating: up to 20 outdoor seats are excluded from the parking calculations for restaurants with less than 5000 square feet of gross floor area, and up to 32 outdoor seats are excluded for restaurants with 5000 SF or more.
Paragraphs 8 and 9 of Sect. 11-104
     
Restaurants with Drive-through Twelve (12) spaces per 1000 square feet of gross floor area, plus eleven (11) stacking spaces for the drive-through window, with a minimum of five (5) such spaces designated for the ordering station. Such spaces must be designed so as not to impede pedestrian or vehicular circulation on the site or on any abutting street.
Outdoor seating: up to 20 outdoor seats are excluded from the parking calculations for establishments with less than 5000 square feet of gross floor area, and up to 32 outdoor seats are excluded for those with 5000 SF or more.
Par. 8 of Sect. 11-104
     
Retail sales establishments, excluding furniture or carpet store One (1) space per 200 square feet of net floor area for the first 1000 square feet, plus six (6) spaces per each additional 1000 square feet Par. 20 of Sect. 11-104
     
Retail sales establishments-large, excluding furniture or carpet store One (1) space per 200 square feet of net floor area for the first 1000 square feet, plus six (6) spaces per each additional 1000 square feet Par. 20 of Sect. 11-104
 

 
 
Riding or boarding stables As determined by the Director, based on a review of each proposal to include such factors as the number of spaces to accommodate employees, horse trailers, students, customers and guests anticipated to be on site at any one time, and the availability of areas on site that can be used for auxiliary parking in times of peak demand. Interpretation
     
Rooming houses One (1) space per guest accommodation Par. 11 of Sect. 11-103
     
Service stations Two (2) spaces per service bay, plus one (1) space per employee, but never less than five (5) spaces Par. 21 of Sect. 11-104
     
Service station/mini-marts Two (2) spaces per service bay, plus six and one half (6.5) spaces per 1000 square feet of gross floor area devoted to the retail use Par. 22 of Sect. 11-104
     
Sewerage pumping facilities. One (1) space per 1.5 employees on the major shift, plus one (1) space per company vehicle Par. 17 of Sect. 11-106
     
Sewage treatment and disposal facilities Park as Public Utility: One (1) space per 1.5 employees on the major shift, plus one (1) space per company vehicle Par. 17 of Sect. 11-106
     
Shopping Center A. 100,000 square feet of gross floor area or less: Four and three-tenths (4.3) spaces per 1000 square feet of gross floor area

B. Greater than 100,000 but equal to or less than 400,000 square feet of gross floor area: Four (4) spaces per 1000 square feet of gross floor area

C. Greater than 400,000 but less than 1,000,000 square feet of gross floor area: Four and eight tenths (4.8) spaces per 1000 square feet of gross floor area

D. 1,000,000 square feet of gross floor area or more: Four (4) spaces per 1000 square feet of gross floor area

For purposes of determining whether Par. A, B, C or D above is applicable, the size of the shopping center is based on the definition of gross floor area as set forth in Article 20, and includes any gross floor area devoted to offices, restaurants, restaurants with drive-through and hotels. The gross floor area calculation as qualified in Sect. 11-102 is used to determine the required number of parking spaces.
 The off-street parking requirement set forth above applies to all uses in a shopping center, except that the area occupied by offices, any restaurant or restaurant with drive-through establishment that exceeds 5000 square feet of gross floor area, and hotels is parked in accordance with the applicable standards for such uses as set forth in this Section. For shopping centers subject to Par. A, B or C above, the area occupied by theaters is parked in accordance with the applicable shopping center requirement; however, for theaters with more than 2000 seats, an additional three-tenths (0.3) space must be provided for each seat above 2000 seats. For shopping centers subject to Par. D above, the area occupied by theaters is parked in accordance with the applicable shopping center requirement; however, for theaters with more than 750 seats, an additional six (6) spaces must be provided for each 100 seats above 750 seats.
 In addition, for all shopping centers, stacking spaces as required by this Part must be provided for those uses which have drive-in or drive-through facilities. Spaces designated for curb-side pickup cannot be counted toward the minimum required number of parking spaces.
Outdoor seating: up to 20 outdoor seats are excluded from the parking calculations for restaurants or restaurants with drive-through with less than 5000 square feet of gross floor area, and up to 32 outdoor seats are excluded for those establishments with 5000 SF or more.
Paragraphs 9 and 23 of Sect. 11-104; Par. 25 of Sect. 11-102
     
Skating facilities, indoor Park as Recreational Facility Other: One (1) space per three (3) persons based on the occupancy load plus one (1) space per employee Par. 18 of Sect. 11-104
     
Skating facilities, outdoor One (1) space per three (3) visitors/customers based on maximum anticipated number of visitors/customers anticipated on site at one time, plus one (1) space per employee on the major shift. Interpretation
     
Small-Scale Production Establishment A. C-3 through C-8, PDH, PDC, PRM, PRC Districts: shopping center rate if applicable; or one (1) space per one (1) employee on major shift, plus one (1) space per company vehicle and piece of mobile equipment, but with a minimum of one (1) space/1,000 square feet of gross floor area.

B. I-3: one (1) space per one (1) employee on major shift, plus one (1) space per company vehicle and piece of mobile equipment.
ZO Par. 6 of Sect. 4-305, Par. 7 of Sect. 4-405, Par. 12 of Sect. 4-505, Par. 14 of Sect. 4-605, Par. 16 of Sect. 4-705, Par. 18 of Sect. 4-805, Par. 9 of Sect. 5-305, Par. 12 of Sect. 6-106, Par. 17 of Sect. 6-206, Par. 16 of Sect. 6-305, Par. 15 of Sect. 6-406
     
Solid waste disposal and treatment facilities, including incinerators and landfills Park as Public Utility: One (1) space per 1.5 employees on the major shift, plus one (1) space per company vehicle Par. 17 of Sect. 11-106
     
Sports arenas, stadiums as a principal use Three-tenths (0.3) space per seat or similar vantage accommodation Par. 25 of Sect. 11-104
     
Storage facilities for natural gas, oil and other petroleum products Park as Public Utility: One (1) space per 1.5 employees on the major shift, plus one (1) space per company vehicle Par. 17 of Sect. 11-106
     
Storage yards One (1) space per 1.5 employees on major shift, plus one (1) space per company vehicle, plus sufficient space to accommodate the largest number of visitors that may be expected at any one time, but with a minimum of one (1) space per 1000 square feet of gross floor area Par. 5 of Sect. 11-105
     
Supply yards for any public utility Park as Public Utility: One (1) space per 1.5 employees on the major shift, plus one (1) space per company vehicle Par. 17 of Sect. 11-106
     
Swimming clubs and tennis clubs/courts Park swimming club as Swimming Pool, Community: One (1) space for every seven (7) persons lawfully permitted in the pool at one time, plus one (1) space per employee, subject to a lesser number determined by the Director which is in accordance with that number of members who are within a reasonable walking distance of the pool

Park tennis club/courts as Tennis Club: Four (4) spaces per court, plus such additional spaces as may be required herein for affiliated uses such as eating establishments
Swimming: Par. 11 of Sect. 11-106



Tennis: Par. 21 of Sect. 11-106
     
Taxi stand Not applicable. No additional parking required  
     
Telecommunication facilities, including central offices and repeat stations, but not including ordinary telephone or telegraph transmission poles and lines located in public rights-of-way or easements of not more than twenty-five (25) feet in width Park as Public Utility: One (1) space per 1.5 employees on the major shift, plus one (1) space per company vehicle Par. 17 of Sect. 11-106
     
Telecommunication facilities.  Park as Public Utility: One (1) space per 1.5 employees on the major shift, plus one (1) space per company vehicle Par. 17 of Sect. 11-106
     
Theatres Three-tenths (0.3) space per seat or similar vantage accommodation Par. 25 of Sect. 11-104
     
Truck rental establishments One (1) space per 500 square feet of enclosed sales/rental floor area, plus one (1) space per 2500 square feet of open sales/rental display lot area, plus one (1) space per employee, but never less than five (5) spaces. Provided however, when the enclosed office/sales/rental area or employees are shared with another use for which parking has been provided, only the open sales/rental display area shall be separately parked Par. 7 of Sect. 11-105
     
Utility transmission facilities, including but not limited to poles, structures, wires, conduits, cables, vaults, laterals, pipes, mains, valves or other similar equipment for the transmission of telephone or other communication, electricity, gas or water.
For the purpose of this Part, utility transmission facilities shall not include:
A. Ordinary distribution facilities for delivery of such utilities to customers where such facilities are located in the public right-of-way or are located in easements, or strips of property owned in fee simple not more than twenty-five (25) feet in width; or
B. Transmission lines approved by the State Corporation Commission pursuant to Sect. 56-46.1 of the Code of Virginia, as amended.
Park as Public Utility: One (1) space per 1.5 employees on the major shift, plus one (1) space per company vehicle Par. 17 of Sect. 11-106
     
Vehicle light service establishments One (1) space per 200 square feet of net floor area, plus two (2) spaces per service bay, plus one (1) space per employee Par. 26 of Sect. 11-104
     
Vehicle major service establishments Two (2) spaces per service bay, plus one (1) space per employee Par. 27 of Sect. 11-104
     
Vehicle sale, rental and ancillary service establishments One (1) space per 500 square feet of enclosed sales/rental floor area, plus one (1) space per 2500 square feet of open sales/rental display lot area, plus two (2) spaces per service bay, plus one (1) space per employee, but never less than five (5) spaces Par. 28 of Sect. 11-104
     
Vehicle transportation service establishments Based on the size and maximum number of company vehicles stored on site with a minimum of one (1) space per (1) employee on major shift, plus one (1) space per company vehicle stored on site Par. 29 of Sect 11-104
     
Veterinary hospitals A. 5000 square feet of gross floor area or less: Ten (10) spaces

B. Greater than 5000 square feet of gross floor area: Ten (10) spaces plus additional spaces as determined by the Director, based on a review of each proposal to include such factors as the number of spaces required to accommodate both employees and visitors expected at the site.

For the purpose of this requirement, gross floor area shall not include any outdoor exercise/dog run area, which is enclosed by a roof and/or fencing material
Par. 30 of Sect. 11-104
     
Warehousing establishments One (1) space per 1.5 employees on major shift, plus one (1) space per company vehicle, plus sufficient space to accommodate the largest number of visitors that may be expected at any one time, but with a minimum of one (1) space per 1000 square feet of gross floor area Par. 5 of Sect. 11-105
     
Water purification facilities Park as Public Utility: One (1) space per 1.5 employees on the major shift, plus one (1) space per company vehicle Par. 17 of Sect. 11-106
     
Water storage, control, and pumping facilities. Park as Public Utility: One (1) space per 1.5 employees on the major shift, plus one (1) space per company vehicle Par. 17 of Sect. 11-106
     
Wholesale trade establishments One (1) space per 1.5 employees, plus one (1) space per company vehicle, but with a minimum of one (1) space per 1000 square feet of gross floor area Par. 31 of Sect. 11-104
     
Zoological parks One (1) space per three (3) visitors/customers based on maximum anticipated number of visitors/customers anticipated on site at one time, plus one (1) space per employee on the major shift. Interpretation
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