Progress Report - Ad Hoc Police Practices Review Commission


This Progress Report tracks the review and implementation of the recommendations of the Ad Hoc Police Practices Review Commission. It is a point-in-time snapshot meant to provide the community with a readable yet detailed look at the status of this process. This list is sortable by subcommittee and implementation status. If you have any questions regarding the current status of a recommendation, please utilize the link under Contact on the row of the relevant recommendation. For general questions regarding the Progress Report or the Ad Hoc Commission, please email Chairman@fairfaxcounty.gov or call 703-324-2321.

The Progress Report will be updated as needed, but at least quarterly following meetings of the Board of Supervisors' Public Safety Committee, made up of the entire Board. Many of the recommendations are interrelated and their status will change concurrently. Therefore, this Report may change significantly as a result of a single action by the Board (the creation of Diversion First, for example). The date and details of the changes are posted on the Change Log.

 

KEY:  
Implemented Recommendation successfully implemented.
Implemented (As Modified) Implemented Modified Version of Commission Recommendation
In Progress Recommendation accepted and in the implementation process.
Under Review Recommendation needs more review or approval by the Board of Supervisors before the implementation process can begin.
Not Implemented Board of Supervisors chose to not implement recommendation
Strikethrough Reflects language in recommendation removed by Board of Supervisors at time of approval
Italics Reflects language not in recommendation added by Board of Supervisors at time of approval


Ad Hoc Police Practices Review Commission - Progress Report (11.1.2017)
Subcommittee Recommendation Recommendation # Final Report Page # Status Contact Details
Communications Provide accurate, timely and actionable information (good or bad) using redundant forms of communication. COMM-1 46 Implemented FCPD FCPD Website
Communications Adopt a "predisposition to disclose" approach with public records presumed to be public and exceptions strictly and narrowly construed. Commit to not withholding information, providing key details and news before being asked for it by the public and the media. Better balance privacy and the public interest. COMM-2 46 Implemented FCPD
Communications Share and regularly update details of all officer-involved shootings in multiple ways; disclose not only facts, but also procedures and timing. COMM-3 46 Implemented FCPD OIS Data
Communications Provide the name of the officer(s) as soon as possible but within 10 days preferably within a week. If a decision is made not to release the name within a week, publicly share specific information that illustrates the reason the name is being withheld. COMM-3.a. 46 implemented (As Modified) FCPD
Communications In cases where a suspect is deceased as a result of an officer-involved shooting, make available immediately upon FOIA request all body-camera, in-dash camera or audio recordings of responding officers to an incident. COMM-3.b. 47 In Progress FCPD
Communications In officer-involved shootings where a suspect is shot but not deceased, provide a citizens' committee (a communications advisory committee appointed by either the Board of Supervisors or the Chief of Police to carry out this function) access to the recordings for a recommendation on release which should balance public and private interest. This committee's recommendation would be submitted to the Chief of Police who would factor it into a final decision. COMM-3.c. 47 Implemented FCPD
Communications All digital recordings in officer-involved shooting investigations should be carefully preserved, and investigations should end with the public release of all digital recordings within 6 months of the incident. COMM-3.d. 47 In Progress FCPD
Communications Annually report on the demographics of the subjects in all use-of-force incidents including race, gender, age, whether mental health status was a factor, previous involvement with FCPD and any other data. COMM-4 47 Implemented FCPD
Communications Devote more effort to sharing day-to-day information of police activity with the public. Facilitate unfettered access to blotter-type information, to include a list of every incident and call with the basic who/what/when/where/how information. COMM-5 47 In Progress FCPD Daily Blotter
Communications Include incident based reporting (IBR) categories of statistical crime information broken down by district stations and provided quarterly in accessible, comprehensive online reports. Provide quarterly information by district for all use-of-force and officer involved shootings, CIT calls for service, traffic and pedestrian accidents. COMM-6 47 implemented (As Modified) FCPD
Communications Embrace and practice increased, proactive community engagement. COMM-7 47 Implemented FCPD
Communications Communicate with key community leaders as soon as bad news breaks. COMM-7.a. 47 Implemented FCPD
Communications Hold community meetings early and often. COMM-7.b. 47 Implemented FCPD Community Engagement
Communications Continue cross-district command meetings to increase situational awareness, spot trends and provide a centralized forum to identify and coordinate responses to emerging community issues. COMM-7.c. 48 Implemented FCPD
Communications Create a "Community Engagement Team" within FCPD to respond to community concerns and manage programs that create community trust and engagement. The team members should be fluent in the language and knowledgeable of the customs of the particular community they serve, and the team should reflect the diversity of Fairfax County in order to best serve as liaisons between the community and FCPD. COMM-7.d 48 implemented (As Modified) FCPD
Communications Continue supporting Citizen Advisory Committees (CAC); Chief's Citizens Advisory Council; and Citizen's Police Academy (CPA) classes. COMM-8 48 Implemented FCPD Community Groups
Communications Expand promotion of these valuable public forums. COMM-8.a. 48 Implemented FCPD CPA
Communications Improve and expand CAC and Chief's Citizens Advisory Council succession planning and online information. COMM-8.b. 48 Implemented FCPD
Communications Increase the meeting frequency of the Chief's Citizens Advisory Council from four meetings per year to 10 monthly meetings to be in line with the 10 monthly CAC meetings. COMM-8.c. 48 Not Implemented FCPD
Communications The structure of the eight CACs and the Chief's Citizens Advisory Council should facilitate a two-way flow of information about police services. COMM-8.d. 48 Implemented FCPD
Communications Expand the CPA program by offering a compact, three-hour version in addition to the current 10-session program and include in the CPA training the best practices and reports discussed at meetings of the Ad Hoc Police Practices Review Commission and subcommittee meetings COMM-8.e. 48 Implemented FCPD Expansion of CPA
Communications The CPA should be designed and structured to be understood by all in the diverse communities of Fairfax County. COMM-8.f. 48 Implemented FCPD
Communications Hire a civilian public information officer (a professional communicator knowledgeable of best communication practices and experienced in the practice and ethics of media and journalism) to lead the FCPD public information office, and have that position and function report directly to the Police Chief. COMM-9 48 Implemented FCPD
Communications Fund and employ 24/7 PIO staff in the central Public Information Office with additional PIO staff assigned to each district station. COMM-10 48 In Progress FCPD
Communications The Chief of Police should be the official spokesperson for officer-involved shootings. COMM-11 48 Implemented FCPD Alexandria Event
Communications Develop a policy statement regarding FCPD PIO release of information for critical events to include hte relationship with the Office of Public Affairs (OPA) and the process for a hand-off to OPA in certain situations. COMM-12 48 Implemented FCPD
Communications FCPD should prioritize realignment of resources to ensure more transparency, and become the trusted and valued source of information for Fairfax County. COMM-13 49 Implemented FCPD
Communications FCPD should develop a continuous process of information declassification, to ensure proactive information release for cases that are no longer active. COMM-14 49 In Progress FCPD OIS Data
Communications Current FCPD policies overempahasize the media, FCPD should use its own platforms and tools to share information directly with the public. Policies should reflect the communications paradigm by promoting more community engagement and direct information dissemination to the community. COMM-15 49 Implemented FCPD
Communications Shorten the current 6-20 month timeframe to internally investigate and close officer-involved shooting cases; throughout the investigation be responsive to questions and concerns from the public, news media, and elected officials. It is recommended the Board of Supervisors take an active approach throughout the investigative stage by periodically requesting and receiving updates on such incidents in a public forum. COMM-16.a. 49 Implemented FCPD
Communications Update policies (with the assistance of FCPD Community Engagement Team members) and mandate usage of plain language that is culturally appropriate for the diverse communities in Fairfax County to eradicate any perceived biases. COMM-17 49 Implemented FCPD
Communications The Board of Supervisors should publicly adopt a resolution (and forward it to the County's delegation in the General Assembly) to revisit FOIA laws with an eye toward expanding instead of limiting the public release of information related to police-involved shootings and other police practices and procedures. COMM-18 49 Under Review BOS
Communications The County Executive should establish a countywide FOIA policy and procedure through issuance of a new procedural memorandum that would replace former County Executive Griffin's memo regarding FOIA compliance, which currently guides county staff. The new policy should encourage transparency and accountability by establishing a culture of disclosure. It should give guidance to all county staff custodians of public records to lean automatically toward releasing all public records upon request, changing the current practice of automatically withholding all exempt records. COMM-19.a. 49 In Progress County Attorney
Communications Where possible, release police reports with redactions rather than creating a summary document. COMM-20 49 In Progress FCPD
Communications Develop FCPD administrative guidelines for FOIA, even in the absence of FOIA reform at the state level. COMM-21 50 In Progress County Attorney
Communications Move function and staff for responding to FOIA requests out of Internal Affairs and into the FCPD Public Information Office. COMM-22 50 Implemented FCPD
Communications Cease the blanket approach to FOIA requests; when records are withheld, an explanation should be provided without merely claiming exemption. COMM-23.a. 50 Implemented FCPD
Communications With goal of becoming a transparent and highly accountable police department, the Department should make proactive statements to the community it serves, communicating with the public on all aspects of police procedure, policy, and actions, particularly in an officer-involved shooting or other high-profile incident involving use of force. The use of numerous communications channels should be utilized to explain what happened, what is known at the time, what is revealed over time, and lessons learned and perspective after the fact. COMM-24.a. 50 Implemented FCPD
Communications Fairfax County should adopt the type of progressive release of information practices and policies that govern most states as FCPD's current practices on releasing information is not aligned with agencies located outside the Commonwealth of Virginia. COMM-25 50 Implemented FCPD
Communications Create and utilize written standards and criteria for the day-to-day release of information from FCPD PIO to standardize information flow/release, and to enhance professional communications, transparency, and accountability. COMM-26 50 Implemented FCPD
Communications Get "buy-in" and cooperation from all levels of the FCPD to improve communications and expand information release. COMM-27 50 Implemented FCPD
Communications Basic requests for information should be addressed in a timely manner by openly providing routine information about incidents, activities, calls, investigations (internal and external) with unfettered public access. COMM-28 50-51 Implemented FCPD
Communications Endorse and implement the recommendations of the final report of The President's Task Force on 21st Century Policing, dated May 2015, that are related to communications, which call for such actions as making all Department policies available for public review, clearly stating what types of information will be released, when and in what situation after serious incidents; communicating swiftly, openly and neutrally while complying with legal requirements related to confidentiality. COMM-29 51 Implemented FCPD Communities of Trust
Communications Create a change management process to change the FCPD culture and facilitate the successful implementation of the improved policies. COMM-30 51 Implemented FCPD
Communications Endorse and implement communications-related recommendations contained in the report of the U.S. Conference of Mayors' Working Group of Mayors and Police Chiefs, "Strengthening Police-Community Relations in America's Cities." COMM-31 51 Implemented FCPD
Communications Endorse and implement communications-related recommendations from PERF's use-of-force policy and practice review of FCPD. COMM-32 51 Implemented FCPD PERF Report
Communications Develop an open data policy to improve transparency; this will reduce the cost of responding to FOIA requests, since data and reports will be published online making FCPD more efficient and serving community needs more effectively. COMM-33 51 Implemented FCPD
Communications Provide more specificity and detail in crime stats and information released by the district stations. COMM-34 51 Implemented FCPD Police Events GIS
Communications Make all department policies and procedures available for public review online, updating them as needed. COMM-35 51 Implemented FCPD General Orders
Communications The Board of Supervisors should publicly set dates for community forums to revisit the recommendations of the Ad Hoc Police Practices Review Commission and the progress made toward their implementation. These reviews should take place in April 2016, October 2016, April 2017 and annually thereafter. Other methods should also be used to update the public, possibly an online 'report card' that is continually updated. COMM-36.a. 52 implemented (As Modified) Dep. Co. Exec. for Public Safety The Board has held two community forums, May 2017 and November 2017, and maintains this progress report.
Communications Recommends that this subcommittee continue its service beyond presentation of its final report, in order to meet with the PERF contractors conducting an independent review of the county's communications practices and review and comment on the PERF report and recommendations when they are finally submitted. COMM-37 52 In Progress Dep. Co. Exec. for Public Safety Chief consults with Implementation Committee which includes a representative from the Communications Subcommittee. Whole subcommitte does not meet with Chief.
Communications Anticipating a proposal for an independent citizen oversight group emerging from the Investigations and Oversight Subcommittee, it is recommended that any group established be mandated to provide robust communications in a transparent process that keeps the community informed and ensures a culture of public trust. COMM-38 52 In Progress Dep. Co. Exec. for Public Safety
Diversity/Recruitment Provide a referral incentive for employees who are successful in recruiting personnel into the Department. DR-1 58 Implemented FCPD
Diversity/Recruitment Develop and implement a marketing plan for all programs and vacancies to include e-mail blasts to interfaith organizations and School Career Centers. DR-2.a. 58 In Progress FCPD
Diversity/Recruitment Expand the Explorer and Cadet programs to include a diverse pool of participants. DR-3 58 Implemented FCPD New Explorer Post
Diversity/Recruitment Enter into a Recruitment Agreement with all Cadets to include reimbursement of educational expenses for breach of contract. DR-4 58 Not Implemented FCPD
Diversity/Recruitment Collaborate and build recruitment-oriented partnerships with key segments of the Fairfax County community to further diversify both the applicant pool and workforce to more closely reflect the community. DR-5 58 Implemented FCPD Recruit Diversity
Diversity/Recruitment Identify ways to reduce the time from application to hiring (includes staffing resources). DR-6 58 In Progress FCPD Budget Proposal
Diversity/Recruitment Formalize the selection process by putting certain standards and processes into writing. DR-7 58 Implemented FCPD
Diversity/Recruitment Ensure written directives are kept up to date. DR-8 58 Implemented FCPD
Diversity/Recruitment Create a diverse Selection Review Committee that includes community leaders. DR-9 58 In Progress FCPD Chief's Council Diversit & Recruitment
Diversity/Recruitment Establish a diversity goal for each commander, making them responsible for enhancing the diversity within the department. The progress toward achieving that goal should be reflected in the performance management system. DR-10.a. 59 Implemented FCPD
Diversity/Recruitment Educate and train recruiting and selecting officers about implicit bias, which the current neuroscience research shows can occur even in people with no-prejudiced attitudes, and the impact on both individual and organizational selection decision. DR-11 59 Implemented FCPD
Diversity/Recruitment Increase resources in order to reduce length of time it takes to conduct background investigations and polygraphs. DR-12 61 Implemented FCPD LOB 198 Budget Proposal
Diversity/Recruitment Formalize the officer selection process. DR-13 61 Implemented FCPD
Diversity/Recruitment The Board of Supervisors should continue to work with the Department's Pay and Benefits Committee to ensure competitive salaries and benefits to secure and maintain a diverse workforce. DR-14 62 Implemented FCPD
Mental Health Establish Memphis Model/Virginia CIT Essential Elements. FCPD should immediately establish the Memphis Model for Crisis Intervention Team training as adopted by the Virginia Essential Elements of CIT, ensuring each squad has a CIT trained officer and creating a specialty squad of selected CIT officers to work closely with CSB and Mobile Crisis units. MH-1.a. 81 Implemented FCPD Training
Mental Health Attract the right officers for CIT, FCPD should create incentives, such as flexible shift hours, to make serving on a Crisis Intervention Team attractive to potential volunteers MH-2.a. 82 Implemented FCPD
Mental Health The subcommittee recommends that the FCPD create a uniform pin to identify Crisis Intervention Team trained officers to the public. MH-3.a. 82 Implemented FCPD Uniform Pin Created
Mental Health Make CIT a requirement for selected command assignments. The subcommittee recommends that FCPD leadership consider CIT training and experience in selections to certain command positions, for instance in the patrol division. MH-4.a. 82 Implemented FCPD
Mental Health Form teams. The subcommittee recommends that officers detailed to Crisis Intervention Teams maintain their regular patrol duties, but also form partnerships with mental health workers and community partners trained and experienced in dealing with residents living with mental illness. These teams would be availlable to be dispatched to identified mental health calls. MH-5.a. 82 Under Review FCPD
Mental Health Be proactive. The subcommittee recommends that Crisis Intervention Teams be empowered to work proactively to help mentally ill persons obtain treatment and take other steps to manage their illness, diverting them from the criminal justice system and the courts. MH-6.a. 82 Implemented FCPD
Mental Health Integrate dispatch personnel. The subcommittee recommends 100% of all dispatchers continue to receive at least eight hours of CIT training. MH-7.a. 83 In Progress Dept. of Public Safety Communications (DPSC)
Mental Health Implement "Stepping Up." The Board of Supervisors, the CSB, the Judiciary, State legislators, and the Sheriff's Office should collaborate to implement a community-wide system of care overhaul using the BOS-endorsed, national initiative known as "Stepping Up." MH-8.a. 84 In Progress CSB
Mental Health Fully implement Diversion First. The subcommittee recommends Fairfax County develop a mechanism for oversight of systems of mental health/substance use/justice services — a diversion-oriented system of care collaborative stakeholder group now known as "Diversion First." MH-9.a. 84 In Progress CSB Diversion First
Mental Health Identify and collect pertinent data to establish metrics for success. The subcommittee strongly emphasizes the importance of data collection and its intimate linkage to measuring the progress and impact of CIT programs. MH-10.a. 84 In Progress CSB
Mental Health Increase language and cultural competency. The subcommittee recommends that Fairfax County increase services to special populations to include cultural competency to better serve non-English-speaking justice-involved individuals, as de-escalation and diversion require the ability to effectively communicate with persons. MH-11.a. 85 Under Review CSB
Mental Health Provide CIT Training to jail and custodial personnel. The subcommittee recommends that the Sheriff's Office provide the forty-hour Crisis Intervention Team training course to deputies detailed to courtroom security and deputies working inside the Adult Detention Center. MH-12.a. 85 In Progress Sheriff's Office
Mental Health Establish strategically located CIT assessment sites. The subcommittee recommends that Fairfax County establish strategically located 24-hour assessment sites staffed and operated by CSB, FCPD, and the Sheriff's Office collaboratively. MH-13.a. 85 In Progress CSB Diversion First/Merrifield Crisis Response Center
Mental Health Redeploy CSB to provide services when they are needed most. The subcommittee recommends that the CSB should redeploy both forensic and community-based teams to expand capacity to provide mental health services at each point in the criminal/community mental health continuum rather than incarcerate individuals. MH-14.a. 86 In Progress CSB
Mental Health Expand Mobile Crisis Unit (MCU) program to strategic locations in Fairfax County. MCU is an emergency mental health program of the Fairfax-Falls Church Community Services Board that provides on-scene evaluation, treatment, and crisis intervention in the community. The recommendation is to have MCUs by Jan. 1, 2017. MH-15.a. 86 In Progress CSB
Mental Health CSB and Sheriff's Office to consider increasing behavioral health clinician staff hour availability inside the Adult Detention Center (ADC), to include not only on-site, but through technology. MH-16.a. 87 In Progress CSB / Sheriff's Office
Mental Health Increase release planning to support successful reentry. The subcommittee recommends that more CSB staff resources be devoted to release planning inside the ADC. It is also recommended that Dept. of Family Services (DFS) make availalble resources to initiate benefit eligibility determination. MH-17.a. 87 In Progress CSB
Mental Health Review pharmacy policies inside the ADC. The subcommittee recommends that the CSB and ADC medical staff review policies, especially for psychotropic medications, to ensure that inmates receive the most effective treatment relative to their conditions and medical histories by January 1, 2016. MH-18.a. 87 In Progress CSB / Sheriff's Office
Mental Health Implement Mental Health dockets. The subcommittee recommends that Fairfax County work with judges and the Clerk of the Court to establish a Mental Health Docket for both adults and juveniles by January 1, 2016. MH-19.a. 87 Under Review Dep. Co. Exec. for Public Safety
Mental Health Encourage Mental Health Awareness training for the judiciary. The subcommittee recommends that appropriate mental health awareness training be developed and deployed for judges, magistrates, probation and parole officers, and other officials who may come into contact with people who are living with mental illness by January 1, 2016. MH-20.a. 88 In Progress CSB
Mental Health Establish standing law enforcement Mental Health Units staffed by full-time police officers and deputies tasked with responding to individuals experiencing a mental health crisis. MH-21.a. 89 Under Review FCPD / Sheriff's Office
Mental Health Institute plainclothes Mental Health Unit officers. Mental Health Unit officers in Bexar County wear civilian clothing and use unmarked vehicles during the course of their duties to avoid unintentionally escalating a mental health crisis. MH-22.a. 89 Under Review FCPD / Sheriff's Office
Mental Health Re-focus and develop a full range of mental health and disability awareness training at the Criminal Justice Academy. CIT is important, but other trainings are also vital. MH-23.a. 89 Implemented FCPD Recruit Community Engagement
Mental Health Clarify mental health response protocols for first responders. The Fairfax County Fire and Rescue responds to more than 50,000 calls annually, and must transport some individuals without a medical condition to emergency rooms rather than a mental health facility as this is required by the Code of Virginia. Subcommittee recommends the Board of Supervisors consider supporting a bill that would allow first responders to transport individuals whose primary condition is a mental health isse direrectly to a mental health facility once medically cleared by an EMT. MH-24.a. 90 In Progress Fire and Rescue Department
Mental Health Involve peers whenever and wherever possible. According to Virginia's Essential Elements program guide for CIT, dynamic community involvement should reflect the composition of the local community, with particular emphasis on the inclusion of persons with mental illness. MH-25.a. 90 Implemented CSB
Mental Health Develop a public outreach program. The subcommittee recommends that the FCPD work with the CSB to develop materials for delivery to the public, to increase awareness of steps that may be taken prior to the instance of a potential interaction. MH-26.a. 91 Implemented CSB
Use of Force Ensure that FCPD's philosophy, policies and orders promote treating persons respectfully and are protective of their dignity; maintain an appropriate balance between an officer's role as a guardian/warrior or peacemaker/fighter; reinforce a reverence for the sanctity of human life. UOF-1 107 Implemented FCPD Media Day March 29
Use of Force Adopt policies, programs and practices that require officers to identify themselves by their full name, rank, and command (as applicable) and provide that information, when practicable, on a business card to individuals they have stopped. UOF-2.a. 107 Implemented FCPD G.O. 540.3
Use of Force Adopt policies, programs and practices that, for policing mass demonstrations, continue to employ a continuum of managed tactical resources designed to be protective of officer safety and promote de-escalation of tensions; minimize the appearance of a military operation; and avoid provocative tactics, equipment, and language that might heighten tensions. UOF-2.b. 107 Implemented FCPD Edit G.O. 520.5 & SOP 13-051
Use of Force Adopt policies, programs and practices that continue and strengthen opportunities for patrol officers to regularly interact with neighborhood residents, faith leaders, and business leaders. UOF-2.c. 108 Implemented FCPD Diversity Council Strategic Plan
Use of Force Adopt policies, programs and practices that reward officers for their efforts to engage members of the community and the partnerships they build and make this part of the performance evaluation process, placing an increased value on developing such partnerships UOF-2.d. 108 Implemented FCPD
Use of Force Adopt policies, programs and practices that ensure deployment schedules provide sufficient time for patrol officers to participate in problem solving and community engagement activities. UOF-2.e. 108 Implemented FCPD
Use of Force Adopt policies, programs and practices that infuse a renewed commitment to community policing throughout the FCPD culture and organizational structure. UOF-2.f. 108 Implemented FCPD FY17 Budget Guidelines
Use of Force Commit and assure in G.O. 201.6 - PRESERVATION OF PEACE AND PROTECTION OF LIFE AND PROPERTY, that medical assistance will be provided to anyone who is injured, alleges an injury, or requests medical assistance, stating, as follows: It shall be the duty of each sworn officer of the Department to: preserve the public peace; protect life and property; assure medical assistance; and enforce and uphold the laws of the Commonwealth of Virginia and the Ordinances of the County of Fairfax. UOF-3.a. 108 Implemented FCPD
Use of Force Review policies on use of physical control equipment and techniques to assure that they address any unique requirements of vulnerable populations—including children, elderly persons, pregnant women, people with physical and mental disabilities, limited English proficiency, and others deemed appropriate by the on-scene officer(s). UOF-4 108 Implemented FCPD
Use of Force Implement all PERF Use of Force report recommendations except #54, "termination of the use of PIT." FCPD should complete an analysis for approval by the Board of Supervisors on whether or not to maintain or restrict PIT use. Complete a publicly available and periodically updated action plan that assigns responsibility by name or position and target date for completion of all of the other recommendations. UOF-5 109 Implemented FCPD PERF Report
Use of Force Establish a comprehensive and integrated policy on use of force to include training, investigations, prosecutions, data collection and information sharing. This policy must be clear, concise, and openly available for public inspection. UOF-6 110 Implemented FCPD
Use of Force Consistent with the PERF Use of Force report, replace the current Department definition of use of force with a more comprehensive definition. Proposed new language: "Force means the following actions by a member of the department; any physical strike or instrumental contact with a person, or any significant physical contact that restricts movement of a person. Force includes the use of firearms, Electronic Control Weapons (ECWs), checmical spray, bean bag shotgun, PepperBall gun and hard empty hands; the taking of a person to the ground; the use of vehicles; or the deployment of a canine; and excludes escorting or handcuffing a person who is exhibiting minimal or no resistance." UOF-7.b. 110 Implemented FCPD
Use of Force Amend General Order 540.1, USE OF FORCE, to Establish "sanctity of life" clearly and unambiguously as a philosophy and value system that remains paramount in the mind of every officer. UOF-8.a. 110 Implemented FCPD
Use of Force Amend General Order 540.1, USE OF FORCE, to maintain "objectively reasonable" as the standard to be followed by an officer when determining whether to use force and all references to "reasonable" must therefore be understood to mean "objectively reasonable." UOF-8.b. 110 Implemented FCPD
Use of Force Amend General Order 540.1, USE OF FORCE, to include as the definition of "reasonable: "...use of force is based on the totality of circumstances known by the officer at the time of the use of force and weighs the actions of the officer against his or her responsibility to protect public safety, as well as the suspect's civil liberties." UOF-8.c. 110 Implemented FCPD
Use of Force Amend General Order 540.1, USE OF FORCE, to reword, II. POLICY as follows: "A police officer shall employ only such force in discharge of his or her duty as is objectively reasonable in all circumstances. The use of force is to be generally considered by an officer as a last resort after discussion, negotiation or persuasion have been found to be ineffective or inappropriate in light of the situation. While the use of force is occasionally unavoidable, every police officer will refrain from unwarranted infliction of pain or suffering and will never engage in cruel, degrading or inhumane physical or verbal treatment of any person." UOF-8.d. 110 Implemented FCPD
Use of Force In revising the General Order, and while first and foremost meeting the criteria specified by the Supreme Court, consider the Customs and Border Patrol's definition with regard to "Objectively Reasonable and the Totality of Circumstances," which is as follows:
                          i. The reasonableness inquiry for an application of force is an objective one: the question is whether the officer's actions are objectively reasonable in light of the totality of facts and circumstances confronting him or her, without regard to underlying intent or motivation.
                          ii. In determining whether a use of force is "objectively reasonable" an officer must give careful attention to the totality of facts and circumstances of each particular case, including:
                                      1. Whether the suspect poses an imminent threat to the safety of the officer/agent or others;
                                      2. The severity of the crime at issue;
                                      3. Whether the suspect is actively resisting seizure or attempting to evade arrest by flight;
                                      4. Whether the circumstances are tense, uncertain and rapidly evolving; and
                                      5. The foreseeable risk of injury to involved suspects and others.
                         iii. Totality of circumstances refers to all factors existing in each individual case. In addition to those listed in subsection e.ii., these factors may include (but are not limited to) the:
                                    1. training, mental attitude, age, size and strength of the officer;
                                    2. training, mental attitude, age, size and perceived strength of the suspect;
                                    3. weapon(s) involved;
                                    4. presence of other officers, suspects or bystanders; and
                                     5. environmental conditions.
UOF-8.e. 111 Implemented FCPD
Use of Force Institute the following use of firearms requirements, by establishing or clarifying that:
                          i. the act of a police officer placing his or her weapon "in a ready gun position" at a suspect will be a reportable action [NOTE: Un-holstering his or her weapon, pointing downward toward the ground next to an officer's leg, with finger on frame of weapon, is not to be a reportable action in the context of this policy as officers may do so when they reasonably believe or know suspects are nearby, i.e., entering a dark building, alley, other location of concern.];
                          ii. the "ready gun" position is defined as pointing the weapon, with finger on the frame of the weapon, so the officer can see the suspect's hands and waist.;
                          iii. the officer must announce "Police!" after and not before attaining the "ready gun" position and if feasible followed by simple, specific and clear direction to the suspect;
                          iv. the "ready gun" position will be utilized in the specific circumstance where it is necessary to establish control and gain compliance through the pointing of a firearm;
                          v. the pointing of the firearm will be considered non-deadly use of force in this circumstance if the weapon is not aimed at center of mass, which is normally the chest; and
                          vi. an officer's finger should be moved from the frame to the trigger of a weapon only if the use of deadly force is authorized under the objectively reasonable standard, which would exclude pointing a weapon at center of mass simply for control and compliance under the "ready gun" position addressed in iv. above.

UOF-8.f. 111 Implemented FCPD
Use of Force Requirements for assuring medical assistance should be instituted consistent with the following:
                         i. State in Section II that "[i]n all situations, medical assistance shall be provided promptly to any person who is obviously injured, alleges an injury, or requests medical assistance."
                         ii. Incorporate a separate implementation section, including a requirement that an operational and implementation plan be created and incorporated in the General Order.
                         iii. Assure that any such plan includes ECW (Taser) non-lethal incidents and specifies the officer's medical action requirements in the event that an ECW deployment is taken against a suspect.
UOF-8.g. 112 Implemented FCPD
Use of Force A requirement should be established with regard to the state of the officer at the time of an officer involved death or serious injury per the following: Drug and steroid testing will be conducted on police officers involved in incidents that result in death or serious injury as soon as possible after the incident but not longer than an amount of time as determined by medical experts to detect whether drugs or steroids were present in the officers at the time of the incident.
UOF-8.h. 112 Under Review Office of the County Attorney
Use of Force Benchmark FCPD Use of Force policies and practices with those of five urban jurisdictions that are comparable in their economic base, population density, and population demographics to Fairfax County. UOF-9 112 Implemented FCPD PERF Report. Pg. 13
Use of Force Restrict vehicle pursuit to only those situations where there is a reasonable suspicion that a violent felony has been committed and that there is a potential for imminent risk to public safety and/or injury to individuals if pursuit is not initiated. UOF-10 112 Under Review FCPD
Use of Force Engage in robust public reporting on the demographics of the suspects in all use of force incidents and in-custody deaths, including for each incident: race, gender, age; any indicators of homelessness and of mental illness and CIT response; any previous involvement with FCPD; the type of weapon, if any, in the suspect's possession; police use of force; and resulting death/injury. UOF-11 113 Implemented FCPD
Use of Force Collect and publicly report online all uses of force that result in death or serious injury; specifically for purposes of determining (a) whether the actions taken or not taken conformed to FCPD policies and procedures; (b) prior instances of use of force by the officer(s) involved and determination of appropriateness; and (c) opportunities for officer, supervisor, and commander training. (Note: Release of use of force data does not necessarily have to include names of officers or victims until cases are concluded.) UOF-12 113 Implemented FCPD
Use of Force Annually report to the U.S. Department of Justice through the FBI's Uniform Crime Reporting System, all use of force and in-custody deaths, and disseminate such data to the public. UOF-13 114 Implemented FCPD
Use of Force Assure timely and consistent information is presented for all officer involved shootings and lethal incidents within 72 hours, to include a narrative of the incidents and aftermath, updated in real time, including all UOF events that result in death or serious injury, not just shootings. UOF-14.a. 114 implemented (As Modified) FCPD
Use of Force Assure timely and consistent information is presented for all officer involved shootings and lethal incidents within 72 hours, to include the details available in all press releases, updates and other public information should be integrated into the summaries, including names suspects and officers and links to press releases and their updates provided. UOF-14.b. 114 implemented (As Modified) FCPD
Use of Force Assure timely and consistent information is presented for all officer involved shootings and lethal incidents within 72 hours, to include demographic information: race, age, gender, whether the call included concerns about a mental health crisis, whether the suspect was homeless. UOF-14.c. 114 implemented (As Modified) FCPD
Use of Force Assure timely and consistent information is presented for all officer involved shootings and lethal incidents within 72 hours, to include information on what special teams were involved, if any. UOF-14.d. 114 implemented (As Modified) FCPD
Use of Force Assure timely and consistent information is presented for all officer involved shootings and lethal incidents within 72 hours, to include appropriate information about whether/what discipline was administered in cases with policy violations. UOF-14.e. 114 Not Implemented FCPD
Use of Force Assure timely and consistent information is presented for all officer involved shootings and lethal incidents within 72 hours, to include any changes of policy or training that result from review and lessons learned from the use of force incidents. UOF-14.f. 114 implemented (As Modified) FCPD
Use of Force Mandate that FCPD police patrol officers employ body cameras to record all interactions with members of the public, contingent on the enactment of laws, policies, and procedures that protect individual privacy. UOF-15.a. 116 Under Review FCPD
Use of Force Mandate that FCPD police patrol officers employ body cameras to record all interactions with members of the public, contingent on the provision that police officers are consulted, with feedback provided as to how their concerns and recommendations were considered. UOF-15.b. 116 Under Review FCPD
Use of Force Mandate that FCPD police patrol officers employ body cameras to record all interactions with members of the public, contingent on the implementation of a training program not only for police officers, but the wide-ranging personnel who will oversee, process and manage the digital data, as well as for prosecutors who will use the data for criminal prosecutions. UOF-15.c. 116 Under Review FCPD
Use of Force Reclassify Electronic Control Weapons as "less-lethal weapons" rather than "non-deadly weapons" per the recommendation by the 2011 Electronic Control Weapons Guidelines and the PERF Report. UOF-16 117 Implemented FCPD New SOP
Use of Force Mandate that all uniformed officers in enforcement units carry an ECW on their duty belt (or elsewhere on their person if necessary) when on patrol. The recommendation is contingent on police officers being consulted on how best to implement the all-carry requirement and that feedback be provided to them as to how their concerns and recommendations were considered. UOF-17 117 Implemented FCPD
Use of Force Mandate that all detectives and plainclothes officers, regardless of rank, carry an ECW in their vehicles when on duty; contingent on officers being consulted on how best to implement the all-carry requirement and that feedback be provided to them as to how their concerns and recommendations were considered. UOF-18 118 Not Implemented FCPD
Use of Force General Order 540.1, USE OF FORCE - replace all use of the term "excited delirium" with a more medically and physiologically descriptive term. UOF-19 118 Not Implemented FCPD
Use of Force Prohibit use of an ECW on a handcuffed, or otherwise restrained individual, who is actively resisting, unless an objectively reasonable officer concludes that the resistance could result in serious injury to him or herself or others and less severe force alternatives have been ineffective or are deemed unacceptable for the situation. UOF-20 118 Implemented FCPD
Use of Force Prohibit use of an ECW on a frail or elderly person, child or a pregnant woman unless deadly force would otherwise be justified, since they face an elevated risk. UOF-21 118 Implemented FCPD
Use of Force Absent exigent circumstances, require supervisory approval for ECW use on a suspect in excess of three cycles. UOF-22 118 Implemented FCPD
Use of Force Treat each ECW cycle as an independent application of the device, thus requiring its own justification, since multiple or prolonged ECW shocks may increase the risk of adverse effects on the heart or respiratory system. UOF-23 118 Implemented FCPD
Use of Force Employ SWAT and the use of other advanced tactics only in situations where there is a high risk of violence, resistance, or harm to the officers involved, the public or the suspect as defined by set of "high risk" factors that are captured in the recent modifications to the Risk Assessment Matrix. UOF-24 119 Implemented FCPD New G.O. 520.3
Use of Force Consolidate FCPD policies and protocols, including threat assessment, supervisory approval, training and post-use review and lessons learned, for the use and documentation of SWAT and other advanced tactics. UOF-25 119 Implemented FCPD
Use of Force Require that all police divisions, most notably the Narcotics Division, employ the same risk assessment procedures as SWAT for planning any high-risk operation. UOF-26 119 Implemented FCPD New Threat Assessment Form
Use of Force Ensure broad community understanding of FCPD SWAT capabilities and how and when SWAT can be deployed. UOF-27 119 Implemented FCPD
Use of Force Ensure that SWAT SOPs and the recently updated threat assessment process are clear in their requirement for approval by a single designated command officer who will bear overall responsibility for each use of SWAT. UOF-28 119 Implemented FCPD New SOP
Use of Force Establish policies and practices that ensure SWAT is deployed proportional to the unique needs of each individual incident. UOF-29.a. 119 Implemented FCPD
Use of Force Include a trained crisis negotiator with every SWAT deployment. UOF-29.b. 119 Implemented FCPD New SOP
Use of Force Require SWAT officers to wear body cams during every deployment. UOF-29.c. 119 Under Review FCPD
Use of Force Require that every SWAT deployment results in a post-deployment report that documents the following, in a manner that allows for the data to be readily compiled and analyzed for lessons learned:
     i. the purpose of the deployment;
     ii. the specific reason for believing that the situation for which the SWAT team was being deployed presented an imminent threat to the lives or safety of civilians and/or police personnel;
     iii. whether forcible entry or a breach was conducted and, if so, the equipment used and for what purpose;
     iv. whether a distraction device was used and, if so, what type and for what purpose;
     v. whether an armored personnel carrier was used and, if so, for what purpose;
     vi. the race, sex, ethnicity and age of each individual encountered during the deployment, whether as a suspect or bystander;
     vii. whether any civilians, officers, or domestic animals sustained any injury or death;
     viii. a list of any controlled substances, weapons, contraband, or evidence of crime that is found on the premises or any individuals; and
     ix. a brief narrative statement describing any unusual circumstances or important data elements not captured in the list above.
UOF-29.d. 119 Implemented FCPD
Use of Force Establish as a budget priority the 24-hour staffing of three additional Mobile Crisis Units, by directing the immediate funding of a second Mobile Crisis Unit, in support of the Mental Health Subcommittee recommendation 15; and over the appropriate budget cycles, but no later than January 1, 2017, fund of two additional Mobile Crisis Units, for a total of four units, one for each human services district. UOF-30 120 In Progress CSB
Use of Force Implement independent investigative oversight and civilian review of Use of Force incidents. Consistent with the findings of the White House Task Force and the recommendations of NACOLE, independent oversight and civilian review will provide public accountability, trust and confidence, education of both the public and the police, and a positive, ongoing feedback loop that would result in the reduction of both UOF incidents and complaints. UOF-31 122 implemented (As Modified) Dep. Co. Exec. for Public Safety
Use of Force Establish a police legal advisor position within FCPD who would not only advise the department on legal issues but also ensure implementation of recommendations and timely implementation of policy changes. UOF-32 122 Under Review FCPD
Use of Force Collect data, and publish an annual statistical report, covering all stops, frisks, citations, arrests, and use-of force by district station and magisterial district - include the race, gender, and ethnicity of the individual involved and note whether the suspect is homeless and/or if a mental health crisis is a factor. The data should also include the race, gender and ethnicity of the FCPD officer involved and whether the interaction was initiated by FCPD or by the suspect. Document the outcome of each incident and regularly report the collected data to the BOS and the public and post the data online. UOF-33 122 Implemented FCPD
Use of Force Reconstitute the FCPD Use of Force Committee to review selective use of force events, to include the decision to employ UOF, use of de-escalation and alternatives, compliance with law and regulations, as well as administrative, training, supervisory and tactical issues. UOF-34 122 Implemented FCPD
Use of Force The Use of Force Committee should receive and consider after action reports (AARs) on each selected use of force event, identify lessons learned, and make recommendations as to any needed changes in policy or practice. The Committee should meet on a regular basis (no less than semi-annually) with the Independent Auditor and the Civilian Review Panel to identify and address issues of concern arising out of use of force incidents and FCPD policies and practices. UOF-34.a. 122 Implemented FCPD
Use of Force At least two members of the public should be appointed to the Use of Force Committee to ensure that the police and public can mutually benefit from their respective views about a use of force situation and contribute to any lessons that might be learned in the process. The policies and procedures guiding the appointment and role of the civilian appointees should be developed with public review and input and should protect against real or perceived conflicts of interest and assure that they are bound by the level of confidentiality that will protect candid and honest assessments, which is at the core of an effective continuous improvement process, as well as related criminal investigations. UOF-34.b. 122 Implemented FCPD
Use of Force Experts and representatives from other law enforcement agencies should be invited to attend Use of Force Committee meetings to provide critical external perspective, insight and expertise on a permanent or ad hoc basis. UOF-34.c. 123 Implemented FCPD
Use of Force The Board of Supervisors should review the Police Chief's determination in all lethal UOF cases and go on record with approval or disapproval of the action. UOF-35 123 Not Implemented BOS
Use of Force Give emphasis in police officer basic and in-service training to the distinction in the use of "ready gun" and muzzle pointing in the conduct of a building search and room clearing. UOF-36.a. 124 Implemented FCPD
Use of Force Give emphasis in police officer basic and in-service training to skill development in the use of de-escalation, tactical retreat and verbal interaction as alternatives to use of force. UOF-36.b. 124 Implemented FCPD Fall/Spring In-service
Use of Force Give emphasis in police officer basic and in-service training to the expected and effective use of Crisis Intervention Training. UOF-36.c. 124 Implemented FCPD Expanding Mental Illness Understanding
Use of Force Give emphasis in police officer basic and in-service training to tactical and operational training on lethal and nonlethal use of force, with emphasis on de-escalation and tactical retreat skills. UOF-36.d. 124 Implemented FCPD
Use of Force Establish a "hire-to-retire" focus on officer fitness to serve, particularly in relation to any propensity for being overly aggressive in the conduct of duty. This focus should be a key component in: vetting and selection; ensuring that the Early Identification System is monitoring officer-involved shootings, excessive use of force incidents, and complaints of abuse of power; monitoring each officer's known and understood risk factors to ensure that they maintain the right personality and temperament for policing; reinforcing the "duty-to-intervene"; providing services to assist officers who may need attention or treatment. UOF-37 124 Implemented FCPD
Use of Force Conduct a study of the relationship of the supervisor to the patrol officers, including the current ratio as a potential factor in strengthening the leadership direction provided to patrol officers in non-routine situations, particularly as it relates to the potential for use of force. UOF-38 125 Implemented FCPD
Use of Force Conduct a workforce climate survey and publish summary results on a biennial basis to monitor FCPD's operating culture, including officer attitudes about their work, leadership and equipment; or any perceived barriers to their ability to perform their duties consistent with FCPD's values, philosophy and policies. Use the detailed survey results broken down by organizational unit as a basis for dialogue between and among police officers, supervisors and the command structure. UOF-39 125 Implemented FCPD
Use of Force The charter for the UOF subcommittee should be extended beyond the completion of the Ad Hoc Commission's report and presentation to the Board of Supervisors to meet its charge to "...review the roles of and relationships between the FCPD, the Office of the County Attorney, and the Office of the Commonwealth's Attorney in connection with use of force and critical incident responses; follow up on open issues, such as the internal FCPD UOF Committee charter; and support implementation of any of the UOF recommendations for which UOF Subcommittee participation would be beneficial. UOF-40 126 Not Implemented Dep. Co. Exec. for Public Safety
Oversight Criminal investigations of FCPD officers involved in incidents in which an individual is killed or seriously injured as defined in General Order 540.1 ("Death or Serious Injury Cases") should continue to be conducted by the FCPD Major Crimes Division. Exceptions could occur when the Chief of Police, in consultation with the Commonwealth's Attorney, determines that the criminal investigation should be conducted by investigators from another Northern Virginia jurisdiction police department or by the Virginia State Police. IOI-1 180 Implemented PD & CWA
Oversight Funds should be appropriated to the Commonwealth's Attorney's Office to allow for the fulltime employment of two independent criminal investigators who will report to and be used at the discretion of the Commonwealth's Attorney in connection with criminal investigations within the scope of the Independent Police Auditor. IOI-2 180 Under Review Commonwealth's Attorney (CWA)
Oversight Such investigators shall participate in MCD criminal investigations of cases as the Commonwealth's Attorney may direct and may be used in connection with other criminal investigations, time permitting. IOI-2.a. 181 Under Review PD & CWA
Oversight The Independent Police Auditor shall monitor MCD criminal investigations of cases and other criminal investigations within the scope of the responsibilities of the Independent Police Auditor. IOI-2.b. 181 Not Implemented Dep. Co. Exec. for Public Safety
Oversight FCPD Internal Affairs investigations should be conducted concurrently with the criminal investigation to the extent practicable, provided that the Constitutional and statutory rights of any potential subject of the criminal investigation are fully protected. IOI-3 181 Implemented Dep. Co. Exec. for Public Safety
Oversight The right of FCPD officers under the Virginia Law Enforcement Officers Procedural Guarantee Act to be "questioned at a reasonable time and place" shall continue to be preserved, but the questioning should commence as soon as reasonable, under all of the relevant facts and circumstances, as determined by the Commonwealth's Attorney in consultation with the Chief of Police. IOI-4 181 Implemented Dep. Co. Exec. for Public Safety
Oversight All FCPD officers shall be required to abstain from speaking to other officers involved or having witnessed any conduct subject to a MCD or IAB investigation within the scope of the responsibilities of the Independent Police Auditor, or to any third parties involved in or witnessing such conduct until advised by MCD or IAB that they may do so. IOI-5 181 Implemented Dep. Co. Exec. for Public Safety
Oversight The prosecution, including the decision whether to charge an FCPD officer with a crime arising out of a death or serious injury case, or other case within the scope of the responsibilities of the Independent Police Auditor, should continue to be handled by the Commonwealth's Attorney for Fairfax County unless the Commonwealth's Attorney determines that the prosecution, including the decision to charge, should be handled by another Virginia Commonwealth's Attorney. IOI-6 181 Implemented Commonwealth's Attorney (CWA)
Oversight The Commonwealth's Attorney should be requested to issue timely and comprehensive public reports in any case involving death or serious injury when no criminal charges are filed. The reports should describe the investigation conducted by the FCPD, any additional investigation or consultation undertaken by the Commonwealth's Attorney, and the basis for the conclusions reached by the Commonwealth's Attorney. IOI-7 181 Implemented Commonwealth's Attorney (CWA)
Oversight The Fairfax County Board of Supervisors shall establish the Office of Independent Police Auditor ("Auditor"). IOI-8 183 Implemented Dep. Co. Exec. for Public Safety
Oversight The Auditor shall be appointed by and report directly to the Board of Supervisors. IOI-8.a. 183 Implemented Dep. Co. Exec. for Public Safety
Oversight The Auditor shall have experience in public safety, public program auditing, the investigation of police operations and use of force incidents. In order to ensure the Independent Auditor is perceived as truly independent, the Auditor shall have never been employed by Fairfax County. IOI-8.b. 183 Implemented Dep. Co. Exec. for Public Safety
Oversight The Auditor shall review (i) all investigations of death or serious injury cases conducted by the IAB; and (ii) all use of force investigations by IAB which are the subject of a public complaint made to the FCPD or the Auditor. IOI-8.c. 183 implemented (As Modified) Dep. Co. Exec. for Public Safety
Oversight The Auditor shall have full access to the MCD criminal investigation file as well as full access to the IAB file, including any administrative action taken, for each investigation reviewed. The Auditor shall be entitled to receive copies of any portion(s) of such files. IOI-8.d. 183 implemented (As Modified) Dep. Co. Exec. for Public Safety
Oversight The Auditor shall determine with respect to each such MCD and IAB investigation its thoroughness, completeness, accuracy, objectivity and impartiality. IOI-8.e. 183 Implemented Dep. Co. Exec. for Public Safety
Oversight The Auditor shall be appointed by the Board of Supervisors for a term not less than 2 years and not more than 5 years, with a goal of maintaining continuity and independence, subject to dismissal only for good cause. IOI-8.f. 183 Not Implemented Dep. Co. Exec. for Public Safety
Oversight The Auditor shall participate in and monitor and review IAB investigations within its scope of responsibilities. IOI-9 183 implemented (As Modified) Dep. Co. Exec. for Public Safety
Oversight The County Executive or his/her designee shall require, subject to discipline up to and including termination, the attendance and testimony of any Fairfax County employee, including all Fairfax County law enforcement officers, whose appearance at the interview is requested by the Auditor, and shall also require the production of any documents or other materials in the possession of the FCPD or other County offices and departments. IOI-9.a. 184 implemented (As Modified) Dep. Co. Exec. for Public Safety
Oversight If the Auditor determines that an IAB investigation was deficient or that IAB's conclusions as to the relevant facts were incorrect or unsupported by the evidence, the Auditor may request further investigation by IAB or the Auditor may conduct such further investigation. IOI-10 184 implemented (As Modified) Dep. Co. Exec. for Public Safety
Oversight Absent good cause, the Auditor shall issue a public report with respect to each reviewed investigation within sixty (60) days of the Auditor's access to the complete IAB file. IOI-11 184 Implemented Dep. Co. Exec. for Public Safety
Oversight The FCPD shall provide a public report quarterly to the Auditor on the disposition of all citizen complaints made against the FCPD. The Auditor shall be provided such additional information as the Auditor may deem necessary to enable him/her to determine that the FCPD is properly responding to and investigating complaints in a timely manner. IOI-12 184 Implemented Dep. Co. Exec. for Public Safety
Oversight An individual may file a complaint concerning alleged misconduct by a Fairfax County law enforcement officer involving a death or serious injury case, the use of force, or the death of an individual with the FCPD for investigation or the citizen may instead file the complaint with the Auditor, who shall immediately forward the complaint to the FCPD for investigation, which will report on the disposition of the complaint within 30 days. IOI-13 184 Implemented Dep. Co. Exec. for Public Safety
Oversight If the Auditor disagrees with the results or conclusions of an IAB investigation in a death or serious injury case, the Auditor shall advise the Chief of Police who shall resolve the disagreement and make the final decision. The Chairman of the Board of Supervisors shall be informed of the Auditor's disagreement and the ultimate resolution. The Chief's decision shall be made in a public statement that sets forth the basis for the Chief's resolution of the disagreement. IOI-14 184 implemented (As Modified) Dep. Co. Exec. for Public Safety
Oversight The Auditor shall make public recommendations to the Chief of Police, with copies to the Chairman of the Board of Supervisors, concerning the revision of FCPD policies, training, and practices based on the Auditor's reviews. The Auditor shall also issue a public report annually concerning the thoroughness, completeness, accuracy, objectivity and impartiality of the IAB investigations reviewed by the Auditor. IOI-15 184 implemented (As Modified) Dep. Co. Exec. for Public Safety
Oversight The Auditor shall have an adequate budget and a trained staff to meet his/her responsibilities. The Auditor's office shall be separate and apart (physically and administratively) from those of the FCPD and the Commonwealth's Attorney. IOI-16 184 Implemented Dep. Co. Exec. for Public Safety
Oversight Any findings, recommendations and actions taken by the Auditor shall reflect the Auditor's independent judgment. No person shall use his/her political or administrative position to attempt to unduly influence or undermine the independence of the Auditor, or his/her staff or agent, in the performance of his/her duties and responsibilities. IOI-17 184 Implemented Dep. Co. Exec. for Public Safety
Oversight Fairfax County shall establish a Civilian Review Panel ("Panel") to review complaints concerning alleged FCPD misconduct. IOI-18 186 Implemented Dep. Co. Exec. for Public Safety
Oversight Panel members shall be appointed by the Chairman of the Board of Supervisors, with the approval of the Board, for a term of three (3) years, subject to dismissal only for good cause. A Panel member may be appointed to no more than two (2) consecutive terms. The terms of the Panel members shall be staggered. The Panel members shall elect one of their members to serve as Chair of the Panel, with the exception of the first Chair, who shall be appointed by the Board of Supervisors. IOI-18.a. 186 implemented (As Modified) Dep. Co. Exec. for Public Safety
Oversight The Panel shall be composed of seven (7) nine (9) citizens and two (2) alternates residing in Fairfax County with expertise and experience relevant to the Panel's responsibilities. IOI-18.b. 186 implemented (As Modified) Dep. Co. Exec. for Public Safety
Oversight Factors to be considered in appointing Panel members include: community and civic involvement; diversity; law enforcement and/or criminal investigative experience, reputation in the community; and other factors designed to ensure a balanced Panel representative of Fairfax County. No Panel member shall be a current or former employee of Fairfax County, shall hold a public office, or shall have a relative who is a member of the FCPD. One (1) of the Panel members shall have prior law enforcement experience (other than as a member of the FCPD). IOI-18.c. 186 Implemented Dep. Co. Exec. for Public Safety
Oversight The Panel shall be authorized to retain a criminal investigative consultant to assist it with the fulfillment of its responsibilities. IOI-18.d. 186 Not Implemented Dep. Co. Exec. for Public Safety
Oversight An individual may file a complaint with or request a review of a completed internal FCPD investigation by the Panel concerning an alleged "abuse of authority" or "serious misconduct" by a Fairfax County police officer. The Panel shall not review alleged misconduct that is subject to review by the Auditor. IOI-19 186 Implemented Dep. Co. Exec. for Public Safety
Oversight "Abuse of authority" and "serious misconduct" shall be defined by the Panel and may include, the use of abusive, racial, ethnic or sexual language; harassment or discrimination based on race, color, sex, religion, national origin, marital status, age, familial status, or disability; the reckless endangerment of a detainee or person in custody; and serious violations of Fairfax County or FCPD policies or procedures. IOI-19.a. 186 Implemented Dep. Co. Exec. for Public Safety
Oversight The Panel shall refer any complaint within its scope that it receives to the FCPD for review and handling. Absent good cause, the FCPD shall provide a public report to the Panel within sixty (60) days after receipt of the complaint with respect to its review and handling of the complaint. IOI-19.b. 186 Implemented Dep. Co. Exec. for Public Safety
Oversight Any request for review of a completed FCPD investigation shall be filed, absent good cause as determined by the Panel, within sixty (60) days of the requester being notified of the completion of the internal FCPD investigation. IOI-19.c. 186 Implemented Dep. Co. Exec. for Public Safety
Oversight Absent good cause, within forty-five (45) days of receipt of the FCPD investigation report (if any) relating to the alleged misconduct or within forty-five (45) days of the receipt of the FCPD report if there was no IAB investigation, the Panel may schedule a public meeting hearing to review the FCPD investigation. At the meeting, the complainant can appear to state the reasons for the request for review and can answer the Panel’s questions, and representatives of the FCPD will appear to review and answers questions from the Panel about their investigation. IOI-20 186 implemented (As Modified) Dep. Co. Exec. for Public Safety
Oversight The complainant and the FCPD (including the involved FCPD officers) shall be afforded the opportunity to appear before personally present evidence, statements, and arguments to the Panel. IOI-20.a. 186 implemented (As Modified) Dep. Co. Exec. for Public Safety
Oversight Command staff and IAB investigators shall appear before the Panel upon request to answer any questions from the Panel as to the investigation and action taken or not taken. The County Executive or his/her designee shall produce any documents or other materials in the possession of the FCPD or other County offices and departments as requested by the Panel. At the Panel's discretion, further investigation by IAB may be requested, and FCPD shall conduct such further investigation and provide a supplemental report to the panel. IOI-20.b. 186 implemented (As Modified) Dep. Co. Exec. for Public Safety
Oversight The Panel review of the investigation shall be completed and a public report issued within 60 days of the filing of a request for review. If the Panel disagrees with the findings of the investigation, the Panel shall publicly advise the Chairman of the Board of Supervisors who shall refer the Panel's conclusion to the Chief of Police for further consideration. IOI-21.a. 187 Implemented Dep. Co. Exec. for Public Safety
Oversight The Panel shall issue an annual report to the public describing its activities for the reporting year, including recommendations to the Board of Supervisors and the Chief of Police, including revisions to FCPD policies, training, and practices that the Panel concludes are needed. IOI-22 187 Implemented Dep. Co. Exec. for Public Safety
Oversight The Auditor shall make quarterly reports on its review of IAB investigations and its other work during the preceding quarter, and meet with the Panel at the Panel's request for further review of the Auditor's report and work. IOI-23 187 Implemented Dep. Co. Exec. for Public Safety
Oversight Fairfax County should establish an Ad Hoc Police Practices Review Commission every 5 years to review and, as needed, make recommendations concerning FCPD policies and practices, and those of the Independent Police Auditor and the Civilian Review Panel. IOI-24 187 Not Implemented Dep. Co. Exec. for Public Safety


Contact Fairfax County: Phone, Email or Twitter | Main Address: 12000 Government Center Parkway, Fairfax, VA 22035
Technical Questions: Web Administrator

ADA Accessibility | Website Accessibility
Awards | FOIA | Mobile | Using this Site | Web Disclaimer & Privacy Policy | Get Adobe Reader
Official site of the County of Fairfax, Virginia, © Copyright 2015

Website Feedback Website Feedback    Globe with various flags representing Web site language translations   Language Translations

Return to Graphic Version