The Historical Fairfax
Courthouse at 4000 Chain Bridge Road was built in 1800.
It is a national landmark and was the seat of civil war activity,
changing hands from Confederate control to Union control and
back several times. The first officer casualty of the Civil
War occurred on the grounds here. Captain John Quincy Marr was
killed during a skirmish between Union cavalry and the Confederate
Warrenton Rifles who were then occupying the courthouse grounds.
This courthouse is still in use today and is currently the home
of the Fairfax Juvenile and Domestic Relations General District
Court & Clerks Office.
The Jennings Judicial Center located at 4110 Chain Bridge Road
was erected in 1982 and is named after former Fairfax Circuit
Court Chief Judge Barnard F. Jennings. It houses the Fairfax
Circuit Court & Clerks Office, the General District Court
& Clerks Office, Office of the Commonwealth's Attorney,
the Fairfax Bar Association and Law Library, and the Sheriff's
Office. The Magistrate's office and the Adult Detention Center
are connected to the Jennings building.
Fairfax County, Virginia was created in 1742 from Prince William
County. When it was formed it encompassed land that is now the
Counties of Loudoun, Arlington, and Fairfax, and the Cities
of Alexandria, Falls Church, and Fairfax. Fairfax County was
the home of George Washington, the first president of the United
States. President Washington and Martha Washington's Last Will
and Testaments were probated in Fairfax and are frequently displayed
in the Circuit Court Clerk's Office at the Jennings Judicial
Among the nation's landmarks located in Fairfax County are
President Washington's Mount
Vernon Estate and George Mason's home, Gunston
Hall. When Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence
he drew from George Mason's Virginia
Declaration of Rights for the first few paragraphs. Later,
when the Bill of Rights was written and added to the U.S. Constitution,
it was also based upon Mason's Virginia Declaration of Rights
which was adopted by the Virginia Constitutional Convention
on June 12, 1776.
Today, at the cross-roads of Fairfax City and Fairfax County
sits George Mason University,
a prominent national university.
Fairfax, Virginia is located in the suburbs of our nations
capital, approximately 25 miles south. Fairfax County is a large
suburban area consisting of more than 960,000 residents.