Fairfax County Historic Preservation and Heritage Resources
Older buildings and neighborhoods in Fairfax County are part of Fairfax County's "heritage resources" and are economic and social investments that pay dividends. These sites and buildings also tell the history of the built environment in the county, which includes Native American hunting camps and long-term settlements, the tidewater plantations of George Washington and George Mason, Civil and Spanish-American War campsites and training grounds, as well as the 20th century planned town of Reston and its 19th century counterpart Dunn Loring. Recording, preserving, and studying this evidence enriches the quality of life in Fairfax County by putting residents in touch with their heritage, providing residents and property owners with a sense of temporal stability and continuity,and instilling in both young and old a loyalty and commitment to place and community. This public stewardship responsibility has been recognized for over thirty years and continues today.
The National Register of Historic Places established by the 1966 National Historic Preservation Act celebrates its 50th Anniversary in 2016. Over the past 50 years, 59 properties and districts located in Fairfax County have been listed in the National Register of Historic Places. Fairfax County celebrates this anniversary with a commemorative display in the Fairfax County Government Center Lobby and videos on Channel 16 throughout the year.
Select any of the icons below to take an interactive tour of historic sites in Fairfax County.
- A Brief History of Fairfax County
In 1969, the Board of Supervisors amended the Zoning Ordinance creating thirteen Historic Overlay Districts to provide regulations over and above the regular zoning protection to better protect those unique areas, sites, and buildings that are of special architectural, historic, or archaeological value to local residents and visitors.
Inventory of Historic
A catalog of historically significant sites within Fairfax County.
- Fairfax County Historic Sites on the Virginia Landmarks Register and the National Register of Historic Places
- Fairfax County Historic Sites on the National Register of Historic Landmarks
County Park Authority Historic Sites
- Virginia Historical Highway Markers in Fairfax County
- Fairfax County History Commission Historical Roadside Markers
- The Fairfax County Historic Buildings Map is an interactive story map which allows the user to take a virtual tour of a sampling of some of Fairfax County's most historic properties which are open to the public.
- History of the Fairfax County Courthouse
- The Virginia Room - The Fairfax County Public Library's Virginia Room maintains a collection rich in regional history and genealogy, as well as local and state government information and legal resources.
- Minor's Hill House Documentation - On August 30, 2016, Fairfax County History Commissioners, ARB member and heritage and cultural resources staff made a site visit to the Minor Hill house property for the purpose of documenting the residential dwelling. The documentation was made in response to a request from the Franklin Park Homeowners Association and with the consent of the property owner. To access the report that was prepared click on the Minor's Hill House documentation link above.
Architectural Review Board (ARB)
- The ARB is responsible for public interest(s) as embodied in the
Historic Overlay District Ordinance. Its job is to protect and enhance
the resources that give a district its historic, architectural, or
- History Commission - The Fairfax County History Commission, established in 1969, helps identify, document, record, and preserve our county's historic past.
- Preservation Easements - Conserving open space and historic resources through easements.
- Archives and Records Management
- Circuit Court Historical Records
- Historical Newspaper Index
- Cemeteries of Fairfax County
Curator Program Implementation Study
- Asian American History Project