Fairfax County General District Court
The court that most people have contact with is the general district court. The general district court handles criminal misdemeanors, violations of local ordinances, traffic infractions, and preliminary hearings in felony charges.
General district courts also have exclusive authority to hear civil cases with claims of $4,500 or less and share authority with the circuit courts to hear cases with claims between $4,500 and $25,000. Examples of civil cases are landlord and tenant disputes, contract disputes and personal injury actions.
There is a general district court in each city and county in Virginia. General district court judges are elected by the General Assembly for 6 year terms.
The Fairfax County General District Court has three divisions: Civil/Small Claims, Criminal, and Traffic. A Court Services Division also serves the court by providing interpreters, supervised release options for defendants pending trial and probation services after conviction.