Civil Division

Fairfax County, Virginia


The Civil Division handles civil lawsuits, landlord/tenant suits and evictions, and small claims cases.

Learn More


Monday-Friday, 8 A.M. - 4 P.M. (Phones close at 3:30 P.M.)

4110 Chain Bridge Road, Room 211
Fairfax, VA 22030
Laura Litz,
Division Manager

The General District Court decides civil suits involving amounts of money up to $25,000. However, unlawful detainer (eviction) suits that include a request for rent for commercial or agricultural property can be heard by the general district court even if the amount of rent requested is more than $25,000.

A suit is begun by filing a civil warrant, summons, or complaint with the clerk of the court and paying a filing fee.

Small claims cases are civil cases in which the plaintiff is seeking a money judgment up to $5,000 or recovery of personal property valued up to $5,000.  If a case is filed as a small claims case, the judge conducts the trial in an informal manner, with less restrictions on certain procedural matters, in order to better provide justice to both sides.