Countywide Dialogue on Transportation: Gas Tax


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Continuation of Countywide Dialogue on Transportation from Fairfax County

Implementing a Gas Tax would require General Assembly authorization. The tax can be a percent of sales price or per gallon increase. For every 1% increase in the sales price per gallon, $12 million could be generated annually. For every 1 cent increase per gallon, $4 million could be generated annually.

Definition:

  • Tax on sales price charged by fuel distributers to retail dealers in Fairfax County.

Current Rate:

  • State Rate: 17.5 ¢ per gallon
  • Federal Rate: 24.4 ¢ per gallon
  • Northern Virginia Transportation District (NVTD): 2.1% tax on sales price charged by fuel distributors to retail dealers in Northern Virginia, exclusively for Metro. This generates about $25 million annually.

Example Rate:

  • 1% of sales price or 1¢ per gallon

Potential Annual Revenue at Example Rate:

  • $12 million for every 1% of price per gallon
  • $4 million for every 1¢ per gallon

Requirements:

  • An increase to the current rate requires General Assembly authorization.

 Bond Eligibility?

  • May be difficult to bond, because of volatility.

 Who Pays?

  • Businesses, Fairfax County residents, and non-residents who buy gas in Fairfax County.

 Who Doesn't Pay?

  • Those who do not buy gas in Fairfax County.

Effect on Household:

  • See tables below
  • Assumes price of gas pre Federal, State, and Northern Virginia Transportation District taxes at around $3, and 48 fill-ups annually

Text-only version of gas tax effect on households

Gas tax effect on households; see text-only version if using a screenreader


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