Countywide Dialogue on Transportation: Income Tax

What Can You Do?

  • Projects: View unfunded transportation projects being considered for Fairfax County.
  • Engage: View public meetings calendar and see other ways to engage.
  • Documents : View maps and other related documents for this project.

Continuation of Countywide Dialogue on Transportation from Fairfax County

In 1989, the General Assembly authorized Northern Virginia jurisdictions (and Norfolk and Virginia Beach) to impose a 0.5% local option individual income tax by referendum to fund only transportation.  This optional income tax included a five-year sunset provision.  In Fairfax County, it could raise $229 million per year.


  • Tax on earnings of individuals and/or businesses that reside within Fairfax County

Current Rate:

  • 2% for Taxable Income $0-2,999
  • 3% for Taxable Income $3,000-4,999
  • 5% for Taxable Income $5,000-16,999
  • 5.75% for Taxable Income $17,000+

Example Rate:

  • Additional 0.5% income tax at each tax bracket - currently, state code allows any increment of one-quarter percent up to a maximum rate of 1%.

Potential Annual Revenue at Example Rate:

  • $229 million (0.5% increase)


  • Board of Supervisors has authority initiate a referendum to implement an income tax for a 5 year window. Anything beyond 5 years would require legislative action.

 Bond Eligibility?

  • There is a five year sunset on this source which restricts bonding ability.

 Who Pays?

  • Fairfax County businesses and residents

 Who Doesn't Pay?

  • Non-residents that work in Fairfax County

Effect on Household:

  • See below table, income tax cannot currently be increased by a fraction of a percent but table also shows 0.5% for example purposes
  • Additional Tax on Income of $77,890 is $389.
  • $77,890 is the Average Taxable income per Fairfax County tax return, FY 2009. Source: FY 2011 Annual Report, Virginia Department of Taxation .

Text-only version of income tax effect on households

Income tax effect on households; see text-only version if using a screenreader

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