10 Essential Public Health Services
The 10 Essential Public Health Services provide a working definition of public health and a guiding framework for the responsibilities of local public health systems.
- Monitor health status to identify and solve community health problems. Example: disease registries.
- Diagnose and investigate health problems and health hazards in the community. Example: track infectious outbreaks like measles and norovirus.
- Inform, educate, and empower people about health issues. Example: “Your Health is in Your Hands” campaign educating the community about proper and frequent hand washing.
- Mobilize community partnerships and action to identify and solve health problems. Example: HIV Faith Initiative/NOVA Clergy Council for the Prevention of HIV/AIDS and Multicultural Advisory Council.
- Develop policies and plans that support individual and community health efforts. Example: antismoking regulations.
- Enforce laws and regulations that protect health and ensure safety. Example: restaurant inspections.
- Link people to needed personal health services and assure the provision of health care when otherwise unavailable. Example: safety net programs like Community Health Care Network (CHCN).
- Assure competent public and personal health care workforce. Example: professional boards and skills development.
- Evaluate effectiveness, accessibility, and quality of personal and population-based health services. Example: public health research.
- Research for new insights and innovative solutions. Example: Mobilizing for Action through Planning and Partnerships ( MAPP) community health assessment and health equity agenda.