Lead Prevention Timeline

 Federal Ban of Lead in Products

  • 1970 began phase out of lead in gasoline.
  • 1978 banned Lead-Based Paint.
  • 1978 prohibited Lead pipe/solder/flex.
  • 1991 U.S. food canners voluntarily stopped using lead solder.
  • 1995 completed phase out of lead in gasoline.
  • 1996 banned lead solder use in food cans.
  • 1996 banned U.S. winemakers banned from using tin-coated lead foil capsules.
  • 1998 banned in lead mini-blinds, crayons, toy figurines, children jewelry.
  • 2003 banned the use of leaded candlewicks.

Federal Standards for Lead in Products

  • 1978 Paint limited to 0.06% lead set by Environmental Protection Agency.
  • 1991 Drinking water standard of 15 ppb lead established by Environmental Protection Agency.
  • 1994 Bottled water standard of 5 ppb lead established by Food and Drug Administration.
  • 2002 Ready drink juices standard of 50 ppb lead established by Food and Drug Administration.
  • 2002 Color additives, titanium dioxide, talc etc. standard 0.1-10 ppm lead established by Food and Drug Administration.

Results of ban on Lead products

  • The Center for Disease Control reports the average blood lead level in children from 1976 to 1980 was 15 micrograms per deciliter of blood and this dropped in 1991 to 1994 to and average of 2.7 micrograms per deciliter of blood.
  • The 1994-1996 Food and Drug Administration’s Total Diet Studies study showed a drop of 96% in 2 to 5 year olds from 30 to 1.3 micrograms a day.
  • The Lead-Safe Virginia Program has shown a drop from 868 confirmed elevated blood lead level cases in 1997 to 430 cases in 2006.

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