The special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) is a short-term intervention program designed to influence nutrition and health behaviors of those eligible for WIC.
Pregnant, Breastfeeding, or Postpartum Women; Infants; and Children under five years of age, must meet the following for WIC eligibility:
- Submission of personal identification documents, proof of residency, and proof of income (Medicaid / Food stamp program serve as proof of income).
- Family income level is below or equal to 185% poverty guideline.
- Nutrition risk is determined
Nutrition Education Service
All participants receive case-specific nutrition education every 1-3 months from Qualified / certified Nutritionists. Nutritional assessment for each participant involves:
- Height, weight and hemoglobin measurements taken at each certification visit
- At least two group nutrition classes are offered to all adult participants, parents, and/or guardians of children and infants enrolled to WIC. The classes use interactive educational activities to engage the clients in the learning activity.
- Follow-up nutrition education and counseling is provided for high risk clients.
- Web-based nutrition education is promoted to all participants at the certification visit.
- Multi- media (Kiosk) nutrition education is promoted to all participants.
Breastfeeding women receive counseling, breastfeeding education, and support from trained professionals.
- Breastfeeding mothers are provided with manual pumps, breast pads, and electric pumps on loan.
- Parenting skills are also promoted.
A Monthly Nutritious Food Package
WIC provides nutritious foods to supplement the dietary needs of WIC clients. The foods provided by the WIC program are rich in protein, iron, calcium and vitamin A and C. These nutrients are commonly shown to be lacking in the diets of WIC clientele.
- Pregnant women and partially breastfeeding women (up to 1 year postpartum) receive: juice, milk, breakfast cereal, eggs, cash vouchers for fruits and vegetables, whole wheat bread, and beans or peanut butter.
- Fully breastfeeding women (up to 1 year postpartum) receive the same as above, plus, cheese and canned fish.
- Postpartum (up to 6 months postpartum) women receive the same as pregnant and partially breastfeeding women; but, no bread and less milk and juice.
- Fully formula fed infants (0 to 6 months of age) receive: iron fortified formula or any other state allowable infant formula if ordered by the physician.
- Fully formula fed infants (6 to 12 months of age) receive the same as above, plus, infant cereal and baby food fruits and vegetables.
- Partially breastfed infants receive the same as fully formula fed; but, less formula.
- Fully breastfed infants (6 to 12 months of age) receive: Infant cereal, twice as much baby food fruits and vegetables, and baby food meat.
- Children (1 year up to 5th birthday) receive: juice, milk, breakfast cereal, eggs, cash vouchers for fruits and vegetables, whole wheat bread, and beans or peanut butter.
WIC provides clientele with referrals to medical care, healthcare providers, and other social and community services.