Your Field Guide to Battle Mosquitoes


Don’t be mosquito meat this summer.

Beat back the bloodsuckers by following this simple battle plan. Here’s a map to get started, followed by some key tips:

Illustration showing various ways to protect your yard from mosquitoes; tips provided in text of article.


Control Mosquitoes Where You Live

  • Eliminate standing water. Mosquitoes can breed in as little as a teaspoon of water. Here are 12 locations to check at least weekly for standing water — tip and toss that water:
    1. Buckets, watering cans, bottle caps or any trash that can hold water
    2. Corrugated pipes for downspout drainage
    3. Bird baths and pet water bowls
    4. Potted plants with saucers
    5. Children’s toys
    6. Tarps on woodpiles and garden equipment
    7. Grill and patio furniture
    8. Wheelbarrows
    9. Containers under decks and porches
    10. Garbage cans, recycle bins and other barrels
    11. Tires
    12. Boats and boat covers

    Not everyone will check or know to check these locations, so please share this list with neighbors and your homeowner’s association.

  • Treat standing water with a larvicide if it cannot be eliminated. If you cannot get rid of the water, treat it with a mosquito-specific, environmentally-friendly product such as Mosquito Dunks®, which are available at hardware stores and garden centers. Follow label instructions when applying.
  • If mosquitoes are biting, consider treating your yard with an insecticide. When used according to label instructions, an insecticide can help control biting mosquitoes. Pay attention to areas where they hide, such as dense vegetation and ground cover.
  • Organize a neighborhood clean-up. Get rid of litter and debris, discard old tires and manage vegetation that mosquitoes may be using as hiding places.
  • There may be other places or containers in your yard where water collects that are not on this list, so be sure to check throughout your yard for standing water.


Protect Yourself and Your Family From Mosquito Bites

  • Wear an EPA-registered insect repellent containing DEET, picaridin, oil of lemon eucalyptus or IR 3535. Insect repellent is safe and effective for children and pregnant women, too. Always apply according to label instructions. If using sunscreen, apply sunscreen first and then repellent.
  • Dress to protect. Cover exposed skin by wearing loose-fitting, light-colored long-sleeved shirts and pants. For extra protection, treat clothing with permethrin or purchase permethrin-treated clothing and gear. Never apply permethrin on skin and always follow label instructions.
  • Keep mosquitoes out of your home. Keep doors and windows closed. Make sure screens are in good repair. Use air-conditioning when available.

mosquito bite tips


Why Wage Battle Against Mosquitoes?

Besides the unpleasant and itchy result of bites, West Nile Virus is found in mosquitoes in Northern Virginia every year and can cause symptoms such as fever, headache, body aches, joint pain and rash. Anyone traveling to areas where Zika is active are at risk of returning home infected with the virus. Only about one in five people with Zika develop symptoms, however pregnant women and women who might become pregnant should be careful not to get Zika because it can cause birth defects.

Asian tiger mosquitoes, which can spread West Nile and Zika viruses, lay their eggs and develop in water-holding containers. Asian tiger mosquitoes do not live in ditches, creeks, ponds or lakes.

One of our own staffers describes Zika and other mosquito-related things in his 2019 rap video, “West Nile Story.”


How Your Health Department Can Help

Our Health Department staff can give a brief overview of mosquito prevention and control at your homeowner or condo association meeting. They can also do a yard inspection to help you find and eliminate sources of mosquitoes on your property — just call 703-246-8931, TTY 711, or email to schedule an appointment.

The Health Department does not routinely spray for mosquitoes and does not spray for nuisance mosquitoes. However, adult mosquito control will be considered if human or mosquito surveillance indicates a significant threat to public health.

Read More Mosquito Information



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