What is addiction?
- A chronic disease; can lead to death if not treated. Brain chemistry is altered.
- Individual is unable to abstain from the drug; loses ability to control behavior.
- Emotional responses become dysfunctional; judgment becomes impaired.
- Learn the warning signs and risk factors for addiction.
- Learn what to do if someone overdoses.
- Learn about CSB's substance use disorder services.
What are opioids?
Opioids act on the brain and produce a euphoric effect.
- Often prescribed to relieve pain. Morphine, oxycodone, hydrocodone, tramadol, methadone and fentanyl are all opioids.
- The illegal drug, heroin, is also an opioid.
- Highly addictive, even lethal, if used improperly.
- Heroin laced with carfentanil (an opioid tranquilizer used on large animals) and fentanyl has appeared in illegal drug markets and is extremely dangerous for humans.
- Used for pain management for Stage 4 cancer patients.
- Ten times more potent than heroin.
- Lethal dose of pure fentanyl is about the size of a few grains of salt.
- In 2020 in Fairfax County, police reporting indicates fentanyl has been found combined with cocaine, methamphetamine, heroin, ketamine and synthetic cannabinoids.
- Now present in illegal U.S. drug markets.
- 10,000 times more potent than morphine; 100 times more potent than fentanyl.
- Depresses the central nervous system and ability to breathe.
- Tiny particles (through nose, mouth, injection) can create life-threatening effects within minutes of exposure.