Public Works and Environmental Services

Fairfax County, Virginia

CONTACT INFORMATION: Our administrative offices are open to the public by appointment only at this time. Please call or email 8 a.m. – 4:30 p.m., Monday - Friday

703-324-5500
TTY 711

12000 Government Center Parkway
Suite 449, Fairfax, Va 22035

Shannon Curtis,
Chief, Watershed Assessment Branch

Perch- Family Percidae

Much Longer Than Tall
Much Longer Than Tall
Two Dorsal Fin
Two Dorsal Fin

On This Page

 

FANTAIL DARTER - Etheostoma flabellare

FANTAIL DARTER

FANTAIL DARTER - Etheostoma flabellare

Scientific Name: Etheostoma flabellare
Fairfax County Native: Yes
Size: 2 to 3 inches
Diet: Aquatic insects
Distribution sampling sites: Map

The fantail darter is part of a group of fishes that have rudimentary or no air bladders to regulate their position in the water column. These fish spend their time on the stream bottom feeding primarily on aquatic insects.

 

GREENSIDE DARTER - Etheostoma blennioides

GREENSIDE DARTER

GREENSIDE DARTER - Etheostoma blennioides

Scientific Name: Etheostoma blennioides
Fairfax County Native: Unknown
Size: 4 inches
Diet: Aquatic insects
Distribution sampling sites: Map

This darter inhabits the bottom of swift flowing streams where its lack of a swim bladder allows the darter to hug the bottom of the stream.

 

SHIELD DARTER - Percina peltata

SHIELD DARTER

SHIELD DARTER - Percina peltata

Scientific Name: Percina peltata
Fairfax County Native: Yes
Size: 3 inches
Diet: Aquatic insects
Distribution sampling sites: Map

This darter is a benthic species meaning that it inhabits the bottom of the stream. The lack of a swim bladder allows the darter to stay at the bottom of the stream.

 

STRIPEBACK DARTER - Percina notogramma

STRIPEBACK DARTER

STRIPEBACK DARTER - Percina notogramma

Scientific Name: Percina notogramma
Fairfax County Native: Yes
Size: 3 inches
Diet: Aquatic insects
Distribution sampling sites: Map

The stripeback darter is rare in Fairfax County. It is easily distinguished from other local darters by the line of black circles down its side.

 

TESSELLATED DARTER - Etheostoma olmstedi

TESSELLATED DARTER

TESSELLATED DARTER - Etheostoma olmstedi

Scientific Name: Etheostoma olmstedi
Fairfax County Native: Yes
Size: 2 to 3 inches
Diet: Aquatic insects
Distribution sampling sites: Map

The tessellated darter is the most common darter found in Fairfax County and the fourth most common fish collected. The males of the species are known to care for the nests of other tessellated darters (known as alloparental care).

YELLOW PERCH - Perca flavescens

YELLOW PERCH

YELLOW PERCH - Perca flavescens

Scientific Name: Perca flavescens
Fairfax County Native: Yes
Size: 12 inches, rarely larger
Diet: Fish, aquatic insects and other invertebrates
Distribution sampling sites: Map

Yellow perch are residents of the tidal Potomac River and rarely venture inland into Fairfax County streams. Yellow perch are easy to catch and are considered one of the tastiest freshwater fish. The Virginia state record is 2 pounds, 7 ounces.


References
Jenkins, R. E., N. M. Burkhead, 1994, Freshwater Fishes of Virginia,1079 pgs., American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, MD

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