The JDRDC hears cases involving Adults who are charged with Felony or Misdemeanor crimes against children or family members.
- If an adult is charged with a felony, the JDRDC hears only the preliminary hearing.
- In the preliminary hearing, a judge determines whether there is enough evidence to establish probable cause that the accused committed a crime.
- After the preliminary hearing, a prosecutor presents the case to a Grand Jury.
- If an indictment is returned by the Grand Jury, the Circuit Court holds the felony trial.
- If an adult is charged with a misdemeanor, the JDRDC holds the trial.
Legal Definitions of Misdemeanor and Felony
- Misdemeanor - Crime punishable by fine up to $2,500 or up to 12 months in jail, or a combination of fine and jail within these limits.
- See § 18.2-11 in the Code of Virginia for classification of misdemeanors and the punishment for each.
- Felony - Crime punishable by death or confinement in the penitentiary.
- See § 18.2-10 in the Code of Virginia for classification of felonies and the punishment for each.